peopl Law Resource Guide - Legal Reference Works, Websites, and More - A Middletown Thrall Library Web Guide
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Legal Resources at Middletown Thrall Library and on the Web
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Law in the Library
How Law is Classified
Circulating and reference collections at Middetown Thrall Library contain a variety of books and electronic resources covering all aspects of New York State, Federal, and international law.

At Thrall, law is classified according to the numerical "Dewey Decimal System" and can be found in the "340s" section of our nonfiction collections. To find them, just browse the nonfiction aisles until you reach the number 340.



In addition to this, many legal reference titles can be located in our Reference Department at Middletown Thrall Library.

Please feel free to ask a librarian for assistance or for recommendations based on your personal reading preferences.

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Law & Legal Topics
in the Library Catalog
Click any subject heading below to browse materials available at Thrall or other libraries within the Ramapo Catskill Library System.

You can also search the library catalog for a specific legal topic:

Look for: Law(s) (general) Law & Legislation Legal Status

(See also Law Reference Works at Thrall)

For more help, contact Reference or use our Ask a Librarian service






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Databases & Virtual Reference Library
These are some of the many databases available to you as a member of Middletown Thrall Library:

Legal Forms
Available to members of Middletown Thrall Library.
Virtual Reference Library: Law
Available to members of Middletown Thrall Library.
Westlaw Databases
Available only at Middletown Thrall Library.
WestlawNext Patron Access
Available only at Middletown Thrall Library.

Also be sure to explore our general research databases and complete encyclopedias for more information.

If at any point you would like some assistance, please call our librarians at 341-5461 or use our Ask a Librarian service

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Law Reference Materials
Available in Print at Thrall
Below you will find a select list of legal reference titles available to you at Middletown Thrall Library. Since these books cannot be borrowed, they are always available to researchers at the library.

Call numbers follow each title to indicate where you can find these items in our collections. Some items are located in or near the Government Documents shelves. A librarian can help you locate what you need.

Please select a topic scroll down this page to browse titles:



(See also Law in the Library Catalog)




Directories and Research Tools
Black's Law Dictionary (REF 340.03 BLA)
The most widely used of all law dictionaries, includes a "guide to the Dictionary", legal maxims, and a useful "Table of Abbreviations."
Directory of State Court Clerks & County Courthouses (REF 347.7302 DIR)
Includes names, addresses, phone numbers for the Supreme Court, appellate court and trial court clerks, on a state-by-state basis. State judiciary websites, state offices of Vital Statistics, and a state-by-state guide to obtaining corporate fillings make up the rest of this book.
New York Jurisprudence 2nd
Part of the online Westlaw Database. This legal encyclopedia is written in narrative form and arranged topically with citations to statutes, administrative law and cases.
The New York State Directory (REF 353.974 NEW)
Includes the names of current judges and administrators as well as addresses and phone numbers for New York State courts, Office of Court Administration, and the New York State Law Department. It also has information on the Lawyers' Fund for Client Protection, New York State Board of Law Examiners, New York State Judicial Conduct Commission and other governmental and private sector legal sources.
The United States Government Manual (REF 353 UNI)
Includes a directory published annually of the Judicial Branch of the federal government including the judges of Unites States Courts of Appeals.
West's Encyclopedia of American Law (REF 348.73 WES)
A basic legal reference in print that contains 5000+ entries in 13 volumes covering historical and current terms, concepts, events, movements, cases, and significant persons. A dictionary of legal terms can be found in the last volume.



Federal Law
Administrative Law
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) (AE 2.106/3:)
Is in paper copy for the current year plus one. The CFR is the codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Resgister by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government.
Federal Register (AE 2.106:)
The Federal Register is published daily and contains presidential proclamations, executive orders and agency regulations, rules, and propposed rules.


Case Law
Supreme Court Reporter (REF 345.4 SUP)
United States Reports (REF 347.7326 UNI)
Supreme Court decisions are available in paper copy from 1789 forward. This includes a combination of both official and unofficial reporters i.e. court reports published by commercial or private publishers.


Code
The United States Code Annotated (USCA) (REF 348.7323 UNI)
Published by West Publishing Company, is available in print and within the Westlaw Database.
United States Statutes At Large (REF 348.022 UNI)


Constitution
Encyclopedia of the American Constitution, Second Edition (REF 342.73 ENC)
Six volume set with articles covering historical periods, doctrinal concepts, judicial decisions, and public acts.


Legislative Information (Bills, Laws, Legislative History)
The United States Congressional Serial Set (GP 3.34:)
On fiche from 1985 forward (98th Congress), the set reproduces Senate and House Documents and Reports. This material is of interest to researchers providing background information by and for the Congress in its deliberations relevant to legislation.
The United States Code Congressional and Administrative News (REF 348.7323 UNI)
Published by the West Publishing Company, this set is available at the library from 1972 forward. It includes the full text of all public laws enacted during each session of Congress. It is issued in monthly pamphlets. After each session of Congress the pamphlets are reissued in bound volumes. This source is important in understanding the legislative history of a public law. The Legislative History Table in each volume is arranged by Public Law number, provides the citation to the Statutes at Large, bill number, and citations to committee reports, and dates of consideration and passage in the Congressional Record.
The Congressional Record (X 1.1:)
The biweekly Congressional Record Index provides in its cumulative "History of Bills and Resolutions" section citations for tracking legislation and compiling legislative histories. The Congressional Record is also a primary source for the transcripts of debates and votes on pending legislation.





International Law
Treaties in Force (S9.14:)
A listing of treaties and other international agreements of the United States currently in force. Divided into two parts including bilateral and multilateral treaties arranged alphabetically by country and then by subject.



Law Enforcement
Crime in the United States (J 1.14/7:)
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics (J 29.9/6:)
Correctional Populations in the United States (J 29.17:)



Legal Process
How Our Laws Are Made (Y 1.1/7: 108.97)
Current edition by Charles W. Johnson is an excellent print resource and is roughly comparable to the Internet resource mentioned in the online guide.



New York State Law
Administrative Law
New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR) is included in the Westlaw Database.
New York case law is also included in the Westlaw Database.
New York Codes, Rules, and Regulations (NYCRR)
"This site is powered by Thomson West and provides free access to an unannotated version of the New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR). The on-line version of the NYCRR is intended to provide the public with free access to the rules and regulations of New York State agencies. It is intended for informational purposes only.The information contained in the on-line version of the NYCRR is not the official version of the NYCRR." Middletown Thrall Library, through Westlaw, does have access to the official NYCRR in the library.


Case Law
New York Supplement (REF 345.12 NEW)
The New York Supplement 2nd Series (REF 345.12 NEW)
New York Court of Appeals Decisions (New York's highest court) are available in print beginning in 1847 in volumes entitled New York Reports (uncatalogued). Commercial publication of Appellate decisions and some lower court decisions began in 1888 by West in volumes entitled the New York Supplement. The New York Supplement 2nd Series began in 1938. This series continues today and incorporates Court of Appeals decisions, decisions of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court, Supreme Court, and miscellaneous lower courts. Weekly paper pamphlets update the bound volumes.


Code
McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York Annotated (REF 345.12 MCK)
New York State Laws are rearranged by title or subject just as they are in the United States Code. The codification of state law is accomplished by West and is entitled McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York Annotated. Volumes are kept up to date at the library with supplementary pamphlets and annual pocket parts. Also included in the Westlaw Database.


Legislative Information - Laws, Legislative History
McKinney's Session Laws of New York (REF 345.12 MCK)
New York State publishes all the laws passed during each session of its legislature in chronological order comparable to those in the United States Statutes at Large. McKinney's Session Laws of New York are kept current with paper pamphlets.
Laws of the State of New York (REF 348.02 LAW)
The official volumes of session laws, without the editorial enhancements of the West publications, entitled Laws of the State of New York are published annually and are available from 1988 forward.





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Law Information on the Web
General & Comprehensive
FedLaw
This site links to legal home pages that actually maintain the information. As its name suggests, FedLaw primarily includes links to federal laws, rules, and regulations, federal judicial decisions, and general research and reference sources. It is nicely presented with explanatory information as needed. The topical and title index, an alphabetical listing, not a search engine, is comprehensive and a good place to start research. The original FedLaw site has undergone large scale changes with information relocated in two different sites. FedLaw has been moved to the Center for Regulatory Effectiveness. Also, the Reference Center and General Government section of USA.gov covers much of the same information that was found in the original FedLaw, namely links to federal and state laws, rules, regulations, and general research and reference sources.
FindLaw
Findlaw.com is an extensive award winning directory to online legal information. In its redesigned form Findlaw targets four different user groups under the major headings of: Legal Professionals, Students, Business and the Public. Within each major category users can search offerings by jurisdiction, legal subject or by using a primary or secondary materials distinction.
GPO Access
This site offers free access to an enormous amount of information produced by the federal government. It is probably best known for its more than 70 searchable databases that permit full text retrieval of information. Some of the most important databases are the Code of Federal Regulations, Federal Register (1995-), Public Laws (1995-), Supreme Court decisions (1937-1975,1992-), Congressional Record (1994-) and the US Code.
Guide to Law-Online
The Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) is a database of laws, regulations, and other complementary legal sources. The documents included in the database are contributed by the governments of the members from the original, official texts which are deposited, by agreement of the members, in a server presently located at the Library of Congress of the United States of America.
Internet Legal Research Group - Directory of Law Journals and Publications
A well-designed, easy-to-use index by category of 3100+ web sites. It is particularly strong with respect to law-student topics with indexes for student services, legal studies, law journals, law-school rankings, and directories. The main index features academia, the legal profession, and USA research-federal and state.
Nolo
A wide selection of free information on everyday legal topics. Includes a law dictionary, encyclopedia (Nolopedia), calculators, FAQs and guides to finding statutes and laws.


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International / Foreign Law
Foreign and International Law Sources on the Internet: Annotated
Created by Cornell University Law School, this is a selective guide to "web sites providing links to texts of laws and court decisions, research guides and commentary on laws, international documents, directories, trade information, and/or statistics." One can search topically under headings -- "Foreign Law Sites, US Gov. Sources, Topical Guide, Supranational Organizations, and Listservs."
Global Legal Information Network (GLIN)
Library of Congress "database of national laws from contributing countries", consisting of "searchable legal abstracts in English and some full texts of laws in the language of the contributing country."
International Court of Justice or World Court
"The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the Peace Palace in the Haque (Netherlands)." Site includes function, composition and procedure of the court as well as information on pending cases.
Marshall Library International and Foreign Law Page
A comprehensive site including international and foreign law as well as specific topics such as environmental, human rights, war crimes and trade. Includes primary sources, organizations and associations, journals, research tools and indexes.


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United States Federal Law
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Administrative Law - Regulations & Regulatory Law
Regulations and Regulatory Law
Administrative Law Guide
Introduction to regulatory law from the Library of Congress.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
The CFR is the codification of the general and permanent rules published by Executive departments and agencies of the Federal government. The CFR is divided into 50 titles which represent broad subject areas subject to Federal regulation. The majority of titles are available online. Search this database by keyword within the books available and by citation. Proposed regulations and rules adopted so recently that they are not yet in the CFR may be found in the Federal Register (1994-) which is the official, daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as Executive Orders and other Presidential documents. Search by sections, issue, date, and key words.
Federal Register
"The Federal Register is the official daily publication for rules, proposed rules, and notices of Federal agencies and organizations, as well as executive orders and other presidential documents."
RegInfo.gov
Described as "a public resource for information about Federal regulation." Includes the Current Unified Agenda of Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions and Regulatory Information Service Center (RISC).
Regulations.gov
"Regulations.gov is your source for U.S. government regulations and related documents. On this site you can find, read and comment on documents. Share your knowledge and make your voice count."



Case Law
Court Locator
From the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, this webpage provides an interactive map-based directory of the Federal Circuit Courts, linking to "court websites, rules, Federal court statistics and publications."
Google Scholar: Search Case Law
At Google Scholar select the radio button "Legal Opinions and Journals". Coverage US state appellate and supreme court cases since 1950, US federal district, appellate, tax and bankruptcy courts since 1923 and US Supreme Court cases since 1791. Advanced Scholar Search to the right of the search button allows you to search by jurisdiction and date.
Supreme Court Decisions (Cornell)
Supreme Court Decisions from Cornell's Legal Information Institute are available from May 1990-. This site provides the court's own electronic dissemination project called "Project Hermes" which provides a free current awareness service of decisions handed down within hours after their release. Searchable by party name, topically, and from the current term by date.
Supreme Court Decisions (Findlaw)
Supreme Court Decisions from FindLaw are available since 1893-. This is browseable by year and US Reports volume number. Searchable by citation, case title, and full text.



Code
Constitution
The site at the Library of Congress includes useful background information on the creation and interpretation of this document.
Popular Names of Acts in the US Code
Popular name tables for Public Laws and Acts in the US Code. Provided by Cornell University Law School. They also explain how this works at this link.
United States Code
The United States Code database from GPO Access contains the searchable text of current general and permanent public laws enacted by Congress. Titles are updated periodically and titles are current through 2000 edition. Searchable by title, section, field, and topic.
United States Constitution
Another source for the Constitution and its attendant debates (Madison Debates) is from the Avalon Project of Yale University.



Legislative Information - Bills, Laws, Legislative History
Congress.gov: United States Legislative Information
Congress.gov replaces Thomas.gov as the official source for legislative information on the web. This beta resource provides data on current and past legislation, Congressional Committees, members of Congress, and everything from Thomas.gov except: nominations, treaties, and communications. These last three data sets will be added to the site within the year 2014, but until that time Thomas.gov remain available for public access.
U.S. Legislative Information Sources on the Internet
Sections include: Status Of Legislation and Legislative Histories, Text of Congressional Bills, Committee Publications, Committee Schedules, Floor Proceedings, Floor Schedules & Journals, Floor Votes, Presidential Statements, Laws, Miscellaneous Information About Congress, Directories of Members of the U.S. Congress, Biographical and Political Information About Members, Campaign Finance Contributions, Guides to Researching Legislation. Provided by Bowling Green State University .



Legal Process
From a Bill to a Law
Learn about the legislative process. Includes two sections: "How Our Laws are Made" and "Enactment of a Law." Provided by the U.S. Library of Congress.
The House Explained: The Legislative Process
Provided by the U.S. House of Representatives.
How Laws Are Made
An introduction to the legislative process from "Ben's Guide to the Government." Provided by the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO).
Learning About the Legislative Process
Sections include: Enactment of a Law, Riddick's Senate Procedure, Guide to Senate Legislative Processes, Nominations, Treaties, Filibuster and Cloture. Provided by the U.S. Senate.
How to Find Laws, Acts, or Statutes
Provided by the U.S. Senate.
Senate Virtual Reference Desk: Legislation
Sections include: Finding Legislation, Legislative Process, Senate's Role, Compiling a Legislative History, and related items.
Rules of the House of Representatives
Provided by the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO). See also: House Practice: A Guide to the Rules, Precedents and Procedures of the House.





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The Supreme Court
Case Law (U.S. Federal)
Cornell University Law School: The Supreme Court
Recent decisions, an archive of decisions, and more. Browse by topic or date. You can also search.
Courts - Directories
Findlaw: Supreme Court Cases & Opinions
The OYEZ Project - Northwestern University
U.S. Supreme Court Cases can be searched by title, citation, party name or date using FindLaw. Selected case abstracts present the "facts of the case," "questions presented", and "conclusion". The Oyez Case Directory is sorted by subject and includes the top twenty most popular cases. It is a multimedia database of additional information about the US Supreme Court. It contains 2000+ hours of oral arguments in key constitutional cases, and all cases since 1995. It also presents a panoramic virtual tour of the Supreme Court building of the Supreme Court building and a wealth of information about the current justices as well as all previous justices in US history. Lists of justices are arranged both alphabetically and in order of their appointment.
PBS: The Supreme Court
A series of documentaries about the Court, nominated and confirmed Justices, landmark cases and decisions, and current/future issues. Adobe Flash required for videos.
Reference Works in Print at Thrall
Administrative Law, Case Law, Code, The Constitution of the United States, Legislative Information (Bills, Laws, Legislative History), and more.
The Supreme Court Database
"The Supreme Court Database is the definitive source for researchers, students, journalists, and citizens interested in the U.S. Supreme Court. The Database contains over two hundred pieces of information about each case decided by the Court between the 1953 and 2008 terms. Examples include the identity of the court whose decision the Supreme Court reviewed, the parties to the suit, the legal provisions considered in the case, and the votes of the Justices." From Washington University in St. Louis.
The Supreme Court of the United States
Official website. Sections includes: About the Supreme Court, Constitution, Biographies of Current Justices, Members of the Supreme Court, The Supreme Court Building (PDF), Docket, Oral Arguments, Calendar, Hearing Lists, Visitor's Guide, Transcripts, Bar Admissions, Rules and Revisions to Rules, Case Handling Guides, Guide for Counsel, Latest Slip Opinions, In-Chambers Opinions, Orders of the Court, Journal, Speeches, Chief Justice's Year-End Reports on the Federal Judiciary, Contact Information and Telephone Numbers, Jobs and Career Opportunities, Fellows and Internships Programs.
Supreme Court Historical Society
Includes a Timeline of the Justices, videos of Historical Documentaries (Adobe Flash required), and more.
Supreme Court Nominations
Past and current presidential nominees. Provided by the Library of Congress.
Senate Committee on the Judiciary: Supreme Court Nomination Hearings (1971 - forward)
Transcripts and documents provided by the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO). Adobe Reader required.
United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary
This Committee, among other duties, considers and conducts hearings on Presidential nominees for federal judges and Supreme Court Justices.


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New York State Law
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Cases
Decisions of the New York Court of Appeals
Recent Decisions (From January 1992) and Other Material From and About New York's Highest Court. Court decisions, sorted by name and date, searchable by topic and keyword. Includes Death Penalty cases, a history of the NY Court of Appeals, New York Civil Practice Laws and Rules, and biographical data on active judges.
FindLaw: New York
This portion of FindLaw offers information on New York cases, codes, regulations, governmental information, courts, legal directories, as well as law schools, news, and mailing lists. "Primary materials," such as the NYS Constitution and decisions from the NYS Court of Appeals are also available at this site.
Weekly Legislative Gazette
Brings you in-depth coverage of the New York State legislature, Executive Branch and State Agencies includes an e-Edition and archive copies.
New York State Office of the State Comptroller - Legal Opinions
"These opinions represent the views of the Office of the State Comptroller at the time they were rendered. The opinions may no longer represent those views if, among other things, there have been subsequent court cases or statutory amendments that bear on the issues discussed in the opinions."



Comprehensive
New York Court Help
This easy to navigate site is subtitled "a website for the self-represented", but it has broader appeal for any interested layman. It provides courthouse addresses, directions, telephone numbers,and information to locate the right court for your problem. Some common court forms are downloadable including family law, civil and divorce forms and useful booklets. Easy to understand answers to questions about law topics important to the public can be found here. Links to law libraries and a glossary of legal terms are also part of the website which is part of the larger New York State Courts' web site.



Laws
New York Codes, Rules, and Regulations (NYCRR)
"This site is powered by Thomson West and provides free access to an unannotated version of the New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR). The on-line version of the NYCRR is intended to provide the public with free access to the rules and regulations of New York State agencies. It is intended for informational purposes only."
New York State Laws
Includes the New York State Constitution, New York State Consolidated Laws (as of 4/11/97), New York State Unconsolidated Laws (as of 4/11/97), and New York State Chapters of 1997. Page has links to the New York State Assembly Legislative Information System (ALIS) and to the homepage, "New York State Assembly."



Local Government in New York State
Municipal Codes on the Internet - New York State
State and Local Government on the Net: New York
Created by Piper Resources, the State and Local Government On The Net Directory provides one stop access to state government and state agencies, city, town, village, and county government, commissions, boards, and libraries. Only pages that are controlled and managed by state and local government agencies are included.
New York State Government: All Municipality Websites Listed Alphabetically
Directory of municipal government information and websites from the Official New York State Government Website.
New York State Government: County Government Websites
Directory of county government information and websites from the Official New York State Government Website.


See also County, City, Town, and Local Government in Orange County, New York as well as the Law section in our New York State information guide.




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Other State Laws
LLSDC's (Law Librarians' Society of Washington, D.C.,Inc.) Legislative Source Book: State Legislatures, State Laws and State Regulations
State legislatures, state laws and state regulations website links and telephone numbers.
State Law
Maintained by Staff of Washburn University School of Law Library, this site provides links to all states laws currently on the internet,to Federal laws, agencies, codes, cases, bills, to municipal codes online through the Seattle Public Library, and to international law of many nations. See also additional state law information at another state resource page maintained by Washburn. Arrow down to the bottom of this page to see links to legal information of a specific state. From each state link you can locate state agencies, demographic information, executive departments and more.
State Statutes on the Internet
"State constitutions, statutes and related legislative information" are available at this site, which is part of the Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute. You may browse by topic or state, access the full index of state resources, as well as search the U. S. Code and access "Bills, Hearings, Reports, and Other Material From and About the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives."


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County, City, Town, and Local Government
in Orange County, New York
Cornwall, New York
Town of Cornwall, NY government website.
Goshen, New York
Town of Goshen, NY government website.
Hamptonburgh, New York
Town of Hamptonburgh, NY government website.
Highland Falls, New York
Unofficial Town of Highlands, NY website. Click "Town Contacts" for local government telephone directory.
Middletown, New York
Town of Middletown, NY government home page with city charter, codes, local regulations, news, calendar, announcements, mayor, council, contact information, and more.
Monroe, New York
Town of Monroe, NY government website.
Montgomery, New York
Village of Montgomery government website.
New Windsor, New York
Town of New Windsor, NY government website.
Newburgh, New York
City of Newburgh, NY government website.
Newburgh, New York
Town of Newburgh, NY government website.
Orange County, New York
Orange County, NY local government website with links to individual county government agencies. Also includes news, announcements, and other local information.
Port Jervis, New York
City of Port Jervis, NY government website.
Town of Wallkill, New York
Town of Wallkill, NY government website.
Town of Wawayanda, New York
Town of Wawayanda, NY government website. See this link for their code.
Tuxedo, New York
Town of Tuxedo, NY government website.
Walden, New York
Village of Walden government website.
Warwick, New York
Town of Warwick government website.
Washingtonville, New York
Village of Washingtonville government website.
Woodbury, New York
Town of Woodbury government website.


For other local municipal (town / city) and county government websites throughout New York State please click here for the New York State: Local Government category.



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Blogs
Blawg Directory
"A comprehensive directory of continually updated law blogs." Browsable by Topic, Author Type, Region, or Law School."
Common Law
FindLaw.com's blog focuses on recent legislation as well as other legal news and laws.
Groklaw
Focuses on technology law and related legal news.
Law Blog
Wall Street Journal blogs "on law and business and the business of law."
Law Librarian Blog
Blog with numerous contributing editors (bloggers) from various university law libraries.
Law Library Blogs
"Originally created by Bonnie Shucha, University of Wisconsin Law School [and now] updated by Michael Robak, University of Illinois College of Law."


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Directories
Jump to a subsection in this category:


Courts
Federal Courts Finder
From the Emory Law School, this site has a map showing the jurisdiction of the Federal Circuit Courts as well as links to their electronic case law depositories.
New York Court Help
This easy to navigate site is subtitled "a website for the self-represented", but it has broader appeal for any interested layman. It provides courthouse addresses, directions, telephone numbers,and information to locate the right court for your problem. Some common court DIY forms ("Do It Yourself") are downloadable, including family law, civil and divorce forms and useful booklets. Easy to understand answers to questions about law topics important to the public can be found here. Links to law libraries and a glossary of legal terms are also part of the website, which is part of the larger New York State Courts' website.
New York Court of Appeals
This site at Cornell offers background information and photographs of each of the judges on the New York State Court of Appeals, New York State's highest court.
New York State Unified Court System
Directory of state and local courts in New York State. Includes the Directory of New York State Attorneys, court rules and several court forms. This is also the home of E.Courts, a service for tracking court calendars. Searchable by defendant, plaintiff and lawyer. According to their site: People can send an email to question@courts.state.ny.us for assistance with "questions about the court system in general, legal information, or any court-related matter or call 1-800-268-7869.
Orange County, New York
From the New York State Unified Court System, this source is a telephone directory for finding all courts in Orange County - Supreme, County, Family, Surrogate, city courts, and jury information.
The OYEZ Project - Northwestern University
U.S. Supreme Court Cases can be searched by title, citation, party name or date using FindLaw. Selected case abstracts present the "facts of the case," "questions presented", and "conclusion". The Oyez Case Directory is sorted by subject and includes the top twenty most popular cases. It is a multimedia database of additional information about the US Supreme Court. It contains 2000+ hours of oral arguments in key constitutional cases, and all cases since 1995. It also presents a panoramic virtual tour of the Supreme Court building of the Supreme Court building and a wealth of information about the current justices as well as all previous justices in US history. Lists of justices are arranged both alphabetically and in order of their appointment.
Supreme Court of the United States
Effective April 17, 2000 the US Supreme Court launched its own web site to provide access to its decisions the same day they are released. Access to the Court Schedule and Argument Calendar along with other court related information is also available.
United States Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York
Contains information on the document filing system as well as local rules and forms for downloading. It is free now, but it is possible that there will be a fee in the future. (Orange County, NY is included in this court's jurisdiction.)
United States Federal Courts Home Page
"A clearinghouse of information from and about the Judicial Branch of the U.S. Government." It includes the vacancy list for Article III judgeships, a long range plan for the judiciary, and a directory of public access links to federal court materials.



Forms
FindLaw Court Forms
Over 8,000 forms from United States federal and state courts for free from one easy-to-use location. The federal forms collection contains court forms for federal appellate, district and bankruptcy courts and the state forms collection contains court forms on topics ranging from adoption to divorce to civil harassment. All the forms are available in PDF format and are searchable by title or form number.
Legal Form Resource Page
From Washburn University School of Law Library with links to state business forms, state tax forms, state company formation forms, real estate forms, contract forms, will forms, Federal court forms, state court forms, legal forms, trademark forms, UCC forms, workers' compensation forms, department of labor law forms, and form databases such as Edgar, Findforms, ChooseLaw, HUD Forms, Lectric Law Library, and much more. Note the specific New York State legal forms and contract categories available online from ChooseLaw.com
Legal Forms Database
Available to Middletown Thrall Library members.
USA.gov: Government Forms
Federal Forms and Applications are listed by agency name and provided by the U.S. General Services Administration's Office of Citizen Services and Innovative Technologies.



Lawmakers & Politicians
New York State Assembly Member Directory
This is an alphabetical list of assemblymen leading to contact information including email addresses.
New York State Senate E-mail Addresses
An alphabetical listing of senators' e-mail addresses. If you don't know who represents you try using the lookup device here (click here).
U.S. House of Representatives
Provides an alphabetical list of congressmen's websites as well as links to committee sites and other congessional information.
U.S. Senate
Provides list of Senators' websites arranged alphabetically or by state This site also has committee information.
Write Your Representative
This site, provided by the House of Representatives allows you to look up your representative if you don't know it. You must supply a nine digit zipcode.



Law Schools
Columbia Law School
CUNY School of Law at Queens College
FindLaw- Law Schools
Links to law schools in the United States and abroad. Also has links to law school ratings and law professor's websites.
Georgetown University Law Center
Harvard Law School
New York University Law School
New York Law School
Pace University Law School
The People's Law School
Created by the NYS Bar Association. This is designed to serve as a practical, informative guide for people without formal legal training. Topics covered include civil lawsuits, wills and estate planning, criminal law, traffic violations, matrimonial law, and the lawyer/client relationship. The book, Understanding the Law: A Practical Guide for New York Residents is also available online. You will need to have Windows Media Player and the Adobe Reader to access this information on the Internet.
University at Buffalo Law School
Yale Law School



Lawyers & Law Firms
Martindale Hubbell Directory
Offering the same type of information, the online version of the Martindale Hubbell directory includes over one million lawyers, law firms and corporate legal departments in the U.S., Canada and 160 foreign countries. Additionally, it includes law school faculty, information on state bar associations, and vendors. It is searchable by name, firm name, area of practice, geographical location and language.
The West Legal Directory
The West Legal Directory provides information on 800,000 lawyers and law firms in United States and Canada including corporate legal departments. Information includes year of birth, education and areas of practice as well as contact information. It is searchable by name, firm name, area of practice and geographical location.



Legal Associations
American Bar Association
ABA site offers access to their monthly journal, press releases issued by the association, and a bookstore. The ABA also hosts several discussion groups. A catalog of these may be found at this site.
American Society of International Law
ASIL is a forum for exchange of views and information among government officials, corporate and business leaders, scholars, practicing lawyers, students and others interested in international law and affairs.
Legal Associations - Hieros Gamos
All types of legal associations arranged by specialty.
National Federation of Paralegal Associations
This is an excellent website for legal information of all types.
New York State Bar Association
North American Bar Associations - Hieros Gamos
Adresses, telephone numbers and links to websites of bar associations (national, state, and regional) in the United States, Canada and Mexico.
Orange County Bar Association
Orange County, New York



Legal Discussion Groups
Washburn Law School Internet Services and Discussion Groups
"Washburn Law School discussion groups are intended to provide a scholarly forum for the exchange of ideas, opinions, and information relevant to law professionals."



Legal Employment & Careers
InterJob Search
Resume preparation, career guidance, and job listings sites on the web.
The Legal Employment Search Site
This is a great collection of links to sites with legal employment opportunities and information. It is divided into four parts - strictly legal employment sites, law school career centers, resume posting sites and general employment sites.



Libraries
Alyne Queener Massey Law Library
The library of the Vanderbilt University School of Law has wonderful legal resource guides on a large variety of topics. They are targeted towards users of the library, but they are definitely worth checking out.
Cornell Law Library
Home to many fine tools, including the Cornell Legal Research Encyclopedia, this is a great place to begin any legal research.
FindLaw - Libraries
Links to law libraries of all types as well as library associations and discussion groups.
Harvard Law Library
The Library has a nice listing of foreign and international law links. It also has a nice outline for legal research. Use their topical research guides to get an overview of the resources available.
Internet Law Library
The Internet Law Library was originally provided to the public courtesy of the United States House of Representatives Law Revision Counsel Office. Part of the Counsel's mission is to make the law (particularly the U.S. Code) available to the public. When the U.S. House of Representatives discontinued hosting the Library [LawGuru.com] and several others were allowed to carry it.
Lillian Goldman Library at Yale Law School
Yale has a wonderful collection of online documents as well as links to all types of legal information. This is the home of the Diana Project, a collection of online resources on human rights.
NYS Unified Court System - Public Access Libraries
Home of LION, New York State Unified Court System's Library and Information Network. This site gives the addresses and phone numbers of public access law libraries in New York State.





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History & Philosophy of Law
Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics
Produced by the Constitutional Society, a private non-profit organization. More than one hundre books and other works on constitutional government can be viewed and printed in many different file formats.
National Archives and Records Administration: "Charters of Freedom"
National Archives and Records Administration "Charters of Freedom" page shows photographs of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution , the Bill of Rights with a link to the Magna Carta which is on indefinite loan to NARA. There is a link to the Founding Fathers Page which offers biographies of each of the 55 delegates to the Constitutional Convention.
National Archives and Records Administration: The Exhibit Hall
National Archives and Records Administration site. The Exhibit Hall contains original documents like Eleanor Roosevelt's file copy of her 1939 resignation from the DAR when they refused to permit Marian Anderson's performance st Constitution Hall, the documents involving the Louisiana Purchase , and the casualty list from the 54th Mass. Infantry Regiment on which the film "Glory" was based. This site has wonderful commentaries that bring the significance of the documents that are on display to light and puts them in the context of their times.
U.S. Founding Documents
U.S. Founding Documents (Constitution, Declaration of Independence, Federalist Papers) in a key word searchable format. Links to historical notes where amendments have affected original text. Original text is scannable. Site contains a section for Constitutional amendments that were never ratified.
Yale Law School: The Avalon Project
The Avalon Project has mounted digital documents on the subjects of Law, History, Economics, Politics, and Government. From the Code of Hammurabi and the Athenian Constitution through the Hamas Covenant (1988) and documents relating to the September eleventh attack on American . Arranged chronologically into Pre 18th Century, 18th Century, 19th Century, and 21th Century. Cross links provided within the text of any document to any other document that is part of this collection.


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Law by Topic
Jump to a subsection in this category:



Adoption
Adoption Laws
Adoption Laws of the Fifty States, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico



Agriculture
National Center for Agricultural Law
This site is a jump off point for research on the topic.
New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets
There is not a great deal of information here, but you can locate the phone numbers of bureaucrats in charge of the various programs of the department. Thrall has both the law and the regulations for New York State in the library.
United States Department of Agriculture
This site provides information on domestic and foreign agriculturally related issues. Current news releases and activities of the Secretary are highlighted.



Antitrust

About Antitrust & Unfair Business Practices
FTC Guide to the Antitrust Laws
"This Guide to the Antitrust Laws contains a more in-depth discussion of competition issues for those with specific questions about the antitrust laws. From the menu you will find Fact Sheets on a variety of competition topics, with examples of cases and Frequently Asked Questions. Within each topic you will find links to more detailed guidance materials developed by the FTC and the U.S. Department of Justice." From the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Bureau of Competition.
Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914
From the FTC and the Cornell Legal Information Institute.
Legal Information Institute (LII) - Antitrust: An Overview
Topics include The Federal Antitrust Acts, The Per se Rule vs. the Rule of Reason, Types of Prohibited Anticompetitive Schemes, and Exemptions. From Cornell University Law School.
New York State Attorney General: Antitrust Enforcement
"The Attorney General of the State of New York, through his Antitrust Bureau, enforces both State and federal antitrust laws."
Small Business Administration (SBA):
"Learn more about these laws and the steps you should take to ensure that your business is compliant."
U.S. Department of Justice: Antitrust Division
"The mission of the Antitrust Division is to promote economic competition through enforcing and providing guidance on antitrust laws and principles."
U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary: Antitrust, Competition Policy and Consumer Rights Subcommittee
News, hearings, and other announcements.

Specific Antitrust Laws
Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914
From the Cornell Legal Information Institute.
Federal Trade Commission Act of 1914
From the FTC and the Cornell Legal Information Institute.
Robinson-Patman Act of 1936
From the Cornell Legal Information Institute.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890
"Approved July 2, 1890, The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was the first Federal act that outlawed monopolistic business practices." From National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).

See also:



Bankruptcy
Bankruptcy Basics
"Bankruptcy Basics provides basic information to debtors, creditors, court personnel, the media, and the general public on different aspects of the federal bankruptcy laws. It also provides individuals who may be considering bankruptcy with a basic explanation of the different chapters under which a bankruptcy case may be filed and to answer some of the most commonly asked questions about the bankruptcy process." View PDF documents with the Adobe Reader.
Bankruptcy Law Materials
An excellent primer on Bankruptcy with links to sources brought to you by Cornell.
Internet Bankruptcy Library
This site is the place to start if your company is going broke.



Commercial Law
- Business, Small Businesses, Corporate Law
Business.gov
"Business.gov is the U.S. Government's official website for small businesses. Business.gov provides access to Federal, state, and local information that helps business owners successfully start and operate while staying compliant with laws and regulations."
Bureau of Consumer Protection: Business Center
The Bureau of Consumer Protection's Business Center provides businesses with the tools and resources they need in order to fully understand their responsibilities in reference to the law. Browsable topics include Credit & Finance, Privacy and Security, Advertising and Marketing, Endorsements, Health Claims and more. This website also provides legal resources, videos, and podcasts to guide businesses and ensure their compliance with the law.
Commercial Law
"Commercial law governs the broad areas of business, commerce, and consumer transactions. Specific law has developed in a number of commercial fields. These include: Banking, Bankruptcy, Consumer credit, Contracts, Debtor and creditor, Landlord-tenant, Mortgages, Negotiable instruments, Real estate transactions, Sales, Secured transactions." Also includes Uniform Commercial Code. From Cornell University Law School.
Commerical Law Research Guide
Provided by Georgetown Law Library.
Small Business Center
"FindLaw's Small Business Center provides information and resources for small business owners, and help for entrepreneurs seeking to get a business idea off the ground. Here you can get information on choosing and forming the right legal structure for your business, legal tips on day-to-day business operations, an overview of employment law issues, and much more." Topics include: Copyrights, DBA/Business Name, Design Patents, Incorporation, LLC, Non-Profits, Other Forms for Small Business, Trademarks.
The Uniform Commercial Code for New York State
If you don't know which article and part you need, use the print copy in the library. There is no searchable index in this online version.

See also:




Civil Lawsuits
Civil Lawsuits
From the NYS Bar Association's "People's Law School." Includes such situations as your rights if you suffer an injury due to automobile accident or an injury on the job; what to expect if you are being sued. Requires the Adobe Reader.



Civil Rights
Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights
Created by the University of Maryland School of Law, these publications, from the inception of the Agency itself, can be located by title, subject, date, or sudoc number. From the Thurgood Marshall Law Library. Documents are in PDF format: view with the Adobe Reader.
Human Rights
Sections include: Defining Human Rights, International Information, News, Government (Federal, New York), Organizations, Publications, Regional Information, Resource Collections, Search Engines. A Middletown Thrall Library Special Coverage Guide. Also see Thrall's Genocide special coverage guide for related human/civil rights issues and related resources.
United States Commission on Civil Rights
This site includes information on filing a Complaint and publication of a Civil Rights Directory that provides contacts on the federal, state, and local levels along with private organizations that have civil rights responsibilities.



Consumer Law
The Better Business Bureau
For Metro New York, Mid Hudson and Long Island with links to BBB's nationally. Besides educational material for consumers, this site contains a database of business and charitable reports to help prospective buyers and donors make informed decisions. It also allows you to file a complaint online.
Publications.USA.gov (formerly Consumer Information Catalog)
Publications.USA.gov aims to provide free downloadable government publications to consumers on a variety of topics, including: cars, computers, consumer protection, education, employment, federal programs, small businesses, and more. This website also contains some information in Spanish and in e-reader formats for consumer convenience.
Consumer Law Page
Produced by California's Alexander Law Firm, this site has a collection of articles, brochures, and Internet resources.
Consumer World
"Over 1,500 of the most useful consumer resources on the Internet."
Fraud.org (formerly The National Fraud Information Center)
A program of the National Consumers League (NCL), Fraud.org enables consumers to identify, report, and research possible fraud, especially in telemarketing and on the Internet.
New York State Attorney General's Office
"The Attorney General serves all New Yorkers in numerous matters affecting their daily lives. The Attorney General's Office is charged with the statutory and common law powers to protect consumers and investors, charitable donors, the public health and environment, civil rights, and the rights of wage-earners and businesses across the State." Includes complaint forms, information on debt settlement and collection, student lending, contractors, foreclosures, and more.
New York State Consumer Protection Board
New York State Consumer Protection Board Besides information explaining how the board helps consumers, there are a variety of links to various consumer law related sites. This is also the location for the "Do Not Call" telemarketing registry. The site also gives details on how and where to file consumer complaints.

See also:




Copyrights, Intellectual Property, Fair Use, Public Domain
Copyleft
Definition of the term "Copyleft" and how it applies to software or other works.
Copyright.gov - the United States Copyright Office
"Here you will find information about our online registration option and other news about reengineering; all our key publications including informational circulars; application forms for copyright registration; links to the copyright law and to the homepages of other copyright-related organizations; a link to our online copyright records cataloged since 1978; news of what the Office is doing, including business process reengineering plans, Congressional testimony, and press releases; our latest regulations; and much more."
Creative Commons
"Creative Commons provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry."
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
Information from the U.S. Library of Congress and the U.S. Copyright Office on the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998. This landmark legislation has been incorporated into Title 17 of the United States Code, expanding U.S. Copyright law to meet the demands of the Digital Age.
Fair Use
Explanation of the phrase "fair use" as it relates to intellectual property and copyrighted materials. Provided by Copyright.gov (the United States Copyright Office).
International Intellectual Property
"For those who wish to seek protection for their intellectual property beyond the borders of the United States of America as well as for those non-US customers who wish to seek patent or trademark protection in the United States of America." Provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Public Domain
Explanation of "public domain" materials. Provided by Copyright.gov (the United States Copyright Office).
UNESCO: Culture > Collection of National Copyright Laws
Browse by global region, then by country by using menu located at side of page. Provided by United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
United States Code: Title 17, Title 17 - Copyrights
Hosted at Cornell University Law School.
World Intellectual Property Organization
Described as "a specialized agency of the United Nations" involved with promoting international protection of intellectual property.



Criminal Law
Criminal Law
Overview and information provided by Cornell University Law Library.
Criminal Law and Traffic Violations
From the NYS Bar Associations's "People's Law School." Includes what to do if you or a family member is arrested; what to do if you are pulled over by a police officer for a traffic offense. Requires the Adobe Reader.
Criminal Law Center
Information concerning law and the criminal justice system. Provided by Findlaw.com.
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)
"NCJRS is a federally funded resource offering justice and substance abuse information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide."



Domestic Violence
Lawyer's Manual on Domestic Violence
This is a 300+ page document (Adobe Reader PDF format) which the general public could use in researching issues dealing with domestic violence, battered women, child support, and immigrant battered women.
MedlinePlus: Domestic Violence
Legal and health resources, articles, and contact information.
National Domestic Violence Hotline
U.S. Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women (OVW)
Information about domestic abuse, dating violence, help for victims. Also links to National Domestic Violence Hotline, National Sexual Assault Hotline, National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline.
Violent Crime: Domestic Violence
Questions / answers, publications from National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS).



Education
Cornell University - Education Law
A guide to information sources in Education Law, this website links to the education statutes of most states, codified federal laws, federal regulations and recent case law.
Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO)
"The mission of the Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO) is to meet the needs of the Department's primary customers--learners of all ages--by effectively implementing two laws that seek to ensure student and parental rights in education: the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA)." An agency of the U.S. Department of Education.
Fedlaw: Education
Texts of the federal education laws and regulations.
Homeschool Law
Posted by the Homeschool Legal Defense Association, this site publishes requirements, arranged by state, for compulsory school age, attendance, curriculum, teacher qualifications, record keeping and testing.
Home School Legal Defense Association
Section called "Show Me The Laws" allows searching by state.
WrightsLaw - Special Education Law and Advocacy
Created Pete and Pam Wright, this website provides special education law and advocacy libraries for the parents and educators of children with disabilities. Pete Wright is a special education attorney, and Pam Wright is a psychotherapist.



Elder Law
New York State Office for the Aging
Contains information on new laws and bills affecting the elderly in New York State and nationally. Also has links to many resources (local, state and federal) for the elderly and their families.
Senior Law
Provided by the New York law firm Goldfarb and Arbrandt, this very up to date site is jammed full with information on Medicare, Medicaid, estate planning, senior rights, and more. It has links to other sites serving the elderly's legal rights also.



Employment
Americans with Disabilities Act Document Center
The statute, regulations, compliance manuals and other documents concerning the ADA were gathered together here by The Job Accommodation Network which is a service of the Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) of the U.S. Department of Labor.
Employment Laws Assistance for Workers and Small Business
Created by the U.S. Department of Labor, this website provides "advisors" on federal employment law.
Family and Medical Leave Act
The text of the Act, a compliance guide, and the regulations which implement the Act are all found here.
Labor Unions and the Internet
From Cornell University, this site serves as a gateway to information concerning unions as well as labor and employment law. Links are well organized and annotated.
New York State Department of Labor
The official site of the NYS Department of Labor contains laws affecting employers and employees and information concerning unemployment.
New York State Workers' Compensation Board
The Workers' Compensation Board administers workers compensation insurance. This insurance provides cash payments and the cost of medical treatments to employees who become disabled due to injury or disease connected with their employment. Their website includes selected laws, rules, regulations and forms.
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
This official site of the EEOC contains information for employees and employers concerning job discrimination. Includes federal laws and regulations as well as policy guidance.
U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Includes OSHA regulations and a Workers' Page that permits electronic filing of complaints.



Environment
The Commission for Environmental Cooperation
This site provides topical summaries of environmental law in North America (United States, Canada, and Mexico) with links to the actual laws. The site can be viewed in French, English, and Spanish.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
EPA's site contains links to federal environmental law, proposed law, and regulations. It also has links to state, local and tribal resources.
The New York State Consolidated Laws for Environmental Conservation
If you don't know by number which article and title of the code you need, you would be better off using the print edition in the library. The print edition has a subject index.
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Information on DEC programs and permits, as well as guidance for complying with New York State environmental laws. See also: Regulations and Enforcement for Environmental Conservation Law and proposed Regulations, Hearings, Policy Documents, and more.



Family
Family (and Matrimonial) Law
From the NYS Bar Association's "People's Law School." Includes grounds for divorce, models for representation and child custody; an overview of the financial issues namely, child support, maintenance and equitable distribution. Requires the Adobe Reader.
Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO)
"The mission of the Family Policy Compliance Office (FPCO) is to meet the needs of the Department's primary customers--learners of all ages--by effectively implementing two laws that seek to ensure student and parental rights in education: the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA)." An agency of the U.S. Department of Education.
Family Law Center
Topics include: Divorce, marriage, prenuptial agreements, property, restraining orders, child custody, child support, living together, adoption, alimony, parenting, guardianship, minor emancipation, grandparents, visitation rights, changing your name, child abuse, fertility and surrogacy, foster care, juvenile crime and justice, same-sex couples, family law courts, state specific information. Provided by Findlaw.com.
New York State Office of Children & Family Services
Information in English and Spanish (en Español). Topics include Child Abuse & Neglect, Abandoned Infant, Domestic Violence / Abuse, Child Care, Foster Care, Protective Services, Adults with Disabilities, Forms, and News.



Health
Affordable Care Act
Official federal government and New York State government information on health care reform, health insurance coverage, and new health laws.
Bioethics Law Resources on the Internet
Directory provided by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Health Law
News and commentary from the American Bar Association (ABA)
Health Law
Overview and information from Cornell University Law School.
Medical Privacy - National Standards to Protect the Privacy of Personal Health Information
View PDF documents with the Adobe Reader.
National Health Law Program
National Health Law Program is a national public interest law firm that seeks to improve health care for America's working and unemployed poor, minorities, the elderly and people with disabilities. Although the firm cannot help individuals, its website provides information and links on the topic.
New York State Workers' Compensation Board
Includes select laws rules and regulations concerning New York State Workers' Compensation as well as downloadable versions of common forms.
Public Health Law Program
News, information, and reports concerning public health law and related issues. From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).



Legal Aid Services
LawHelpNY.org
"LawHelpNY.org is a website designed to help low-income New Yorkers with their civil legal problems. It is a collaborative effort across New York State legal aid offices to give low income and vulnerable New Yorkers access to legal information, information about how to contact legal aid offices and other social agencies that can assist them, as well as help them understand their legal rights and navigate the court system. This website covers legal problems including (but not limited to): housing, public benefits, (SSI, SSD, or PA), family law, discrimination and more. LawHelpNY covers 16 legal areas and connects to over 500 legal aid programs offering free legal services in New York State." Provided by Pro Bono Net. Also available in Spanish/espanol.
Legal Aid Societies and Programs in New York State
For civil cases. Directory provided by Legal Services Corporation (LSC.gov).
Orange County Bar Association: Legal Services for the Indigent
For criminal cases. Includes information on pro bono services and The Legal Aid Society of Orange County.



Marriage / Matrimony / Matrimonial Law,
Annulments, Separations, & Divorce
Annulment and Separation FAQ
Answers to Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Provided by Findlaw.com.
Annulment vs. Divorce
Information provided by Findlaw.com.
Getting Married in New York State
Information from the New York State government.
Family Law Center
Topics include: Divorce, marriage, prenuptial agreements, property, restraining orders, child custody, child support, living together, adoption, alimony, parenting, guardianship, minor emancipation, grandparents, visitation rights, changing your name, child abuse, fertility and surrogacy, foster care, juvenile crime and justice, same-sex couples, family law courts, state specific information. Provided by Findlaw.com.
Legal Separation Before Divorce
Information provided by Findlaw.com.
Marriage Laws of the Fifty States, District of Columbia and Puerto Rico
Overview and information provided by Cornell University Law School.
Marriage & Divorce Records
Information from the New York State government.
Matrimonial (and Family) Law
From the NYS Bar Association's "People's Law School." Includes grounds for divorce, models for representation and child custody; an overview of the financial issues namely, child support, maintenance and equitable distribution. Requires the Adobe Reader.
Matrimonial Matters and Divorce Resources
Divorce forms and information from New York State Unified Court System.
New York Annulment and Prohibited Marriage Laws
Information provided by Findlaw.com.



Megan's Law
Attorney General of New York State: Megan' Law Hotline
Explanation and contact information.
Klaaskids.org: Megan's Law By State
Megan's Law requires states to register sex offenders of sex crimes against children and compels the state make private , personal information on registered sex offenders avaiable to the public. Links to each state's handling of these requirements is available from this site.



Media Law
Media Law Handbook
"What are the privileges and responsibilities of a free press? In Media Law Handbook, Professor Jane Kirtley, Silha Professor of Media Ethics and Law at the University of Minnesota, explores how free societies answer this question." Adobe PDF format. Provided by the U.S. Deparment of State.



Patents & Patent Law
Patent Law
Overview and information provided by Cornell University Law School.
General Information Concerning Patents
Introduction and overview provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
Patent Policy and Law
Policies and laws. Provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).



Privacy
Consumer Financial Privacy
Your Rights to Financial Privacy, Consumer Financial Rights, Privacy Choices, Privacy Act, and more information from the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
Electronic Privacy Information Center
"EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values. "
Medical Privacy - National Standards to Protect the Privacy of Personal Health Information
View PDF documents with the Adobe Reader.
Overview of the Privacy Act of 1974
Provided by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).
Right of Privacy
Overview and information provided by Cornell University Law School.



Technology
Berkman Center for Internet and Society
News and commentary on technology law. Provided by Harvard University.
Digital Rights Management (DRM)
Definition, article, and related resources. Provided by Wikipedia (note their disclaimers).
Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
"When our freedoms in the networked world come under attack, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is the first line of defense."
Electronic Privacy Information Center
"EPIC is a public interest research center in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging civil liberties issues and to protect privacy, the First Amendment, and constitutional values. "
GigaLaw.com
"Legal news about the Internet and high-technology."
Law Technology News
News, analysis, and reviews of legal technologies (i.e. technologies used by law professionals).



Trademarks
United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
Basic Facts About Trademarks
From the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Trademarks
Overview and information provided by Cornell University Law School.



Traffic Violations
Department of Motor Vehicles: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Questions concerning laws about seat belts, helmets, driving licenses, and other topics. From the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
Criminal Law and Traffic Violations
From the NYS Bar Associations's "People's Law School." Includes what to do if you or a family member is arrested; what to do if you are pulled over by a police officer for a traffic offense. Requires the Adobe Reader.
Traffic Laws
FindLaw's webpage provides informational articles, blog posts, and links concerning traffic violations.
Traffic Violations Bureau Offices
From the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
What to Do If You Receive a Ticket
From the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)



Wills & Estates
Wills and Estates
Wills and Estate Planning
Living trusts, wills, executors, power of attorney, estate taxes, life insurance, probate courts, and related information. From Nolo.





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Law Enforcement
Jump to a subsection in this category:


New York State & Local Law Enforcement Agencies
City of Middletown, New York Police
See also the D.A.R.E. program page
New York State Department of Correctional Services
Oversees 69 State Correctional facilities. Site includes addresses and phone numbers of all facilities as well as press releases and position papers.
New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
New York State Police
Features include information on becoming a State Trooper, maps, addresses and telephones numbers of Troop locations, New York's 12 Most Wanted and the Missing and Exploited Children Clearinghouse.
Orange County, New York Sheriff's Department



National Law Enforcement Agencies
America's Most Wanted
From the television series, this site includes fugitive fact sheets, on-line "Tips" reporting, and missing children.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms (ATF)
Part of the US Department of Treasury, responsible for "reducing violent crime, collecting revenue and protecting the public" by working cooperatively with other agencies. Includes, "Most Wanted", jobs, publications and hotlines.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Overview of the workings of the CIA, including publications, employment opportunities and connections to related web sites.
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)
A combat support agency of the Department of Defense, the DIA's mission is military intelligence. Site includes some fulltext reports and answers to FAQ's.
Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
Part of the Department of Justice, this site includes information on the agency, its programs, publications and employment opportunities as well as congressional testimony, intelligence reports, press releases, training programs and information on organized crime and drug trafficking.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Features a "Crime Alert", the FBI's Most Wanted, major investigations, information on employment and statistics, publications and unusual sites such as the "Kids Page" and "Forensic Science."
Federal Bureau of Prisons
Mostly statistical, but includes employment announcements, some articles, links to other State facilities, quick facts and sources for locating information on inmates.
National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS)
A service by the National Criminal Justice Reference Center, this site includes extensive leads for corrections, law enforcement, crime statistics and juvenile justice. Major headings often include documents, WWW sites and Listservs. Good general site.
Officer.com: The Police Officer's Internet Directory
"Law Enforcement's leading source for News, Training, Jobs and Online Forums for local, county, state and federal law enforcement police and officers."
United States Department of Justice (DOJ)
Includes information on the Attorney General, a topical index, press releases, a "Kids Page", important issues and URL's to other sites.
United States Marshals Service
"Responsible for the management and disposal of seized and forfeited assests", this site gives an overview, addresses of offices, recruitment programs and information on auctions of forfeited assests.



International Law Enforcement Agencies
Interpol
United Nations
Information about UN current peace-keeping operations including Security Council documents, press releases, make-up of the General Assembly and general information.





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News
CNN Law
Legal news reports and analysis.
Congress.gov: United States Legislative Information
Current and past legislation, Congressional Committees, members of Congress, and more.
Current Interests: Law and Government
Directory provided by Middletown Thrall Library.
Law.com
Legal news reports and analysis.
Findlaw.com: News
Legal news reports and analysis.
New York State Unified Court System: What's New
New York Times: Law and Legislation News
U.S. Courts: Newsroom
U.S. House of Representatives
Legislative news, legislation, roll call votes, debates, amendments, archive, and more.
U.S. Senate
Hearings, legislation, votes, floor schedule, daily digests, recent floor activities, and more.


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Research Tools
Jump to a subsection in this category:


Citations & Citation Formats
Introduction to Basic Legal Citation
This citation primer is based on the Sixteenth Edition of the "Bluebook." Provided by Cornell Law School.
Reading Legal Citations
This tutorial from the Boston College Law Library explains all the parts of citations of cases, statutes, regulations and law review articles. Document is in PDF format: read with the free Adobe Reader.



Databases (Full Text Articles) & Law Journals
Databases
Law databases offering legal information. Available to members of Middletown Thrall Library. See also our General Research databases to locate more articles as well as the Law section of our Virtual Reference Library.
Interent Legal Resources Guide to Periodicals
National Law Journal
Only article abstracts are available online for the current issue. Back issues and current issue full text require a subscription.
New York Law Journal
University Law Review Project
This site has links to law journals by topic. If you select general interest, it links you to FindLaw's academic law reviews listing. It also has a search engine that will do full text searches on all law journals online.



Dictionaries
Duhaime's Law Dictionary
Legal terms, definitions, and related terminology.
Law.com Law Dictionary
Search or browse.
Nolo's Plain-English Law Dictionary
"Legal definitions from A to Z. Find plain-English definitions for legal terms by searching or browsing."
Research
The Law Students Guide to Free Legal Research on the Internet
This guide is meant to help law students navigate the confusing world of Internet legal resources. However, the interested lay person would find the many law links here valuable in legal research. The primary author/compiler is both a law professor at Valparaiso University School of Law and a librarian. As the name of the website suggests, the links to law are free. The research tab is a good source of basic research guidance as well as links to primary federal and state cases, codes, and regulations and secondary law sources.
Locating the Law: A Handbook of Non-Librarians, 5th edition, revised (2011)
produced by the Southern California Association of Law Libraries - provides a good overview of legal research.





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