Special Coverage
Algorithms & AI
Exploring Ideas, Issues, & Developments in
Artificial Intellgience, Computers, & Robotics




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Special Coverage Center: Algorithms & Artificial Intelligence
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Concepts & Terminology
AI Glossary: Artificial Intelligence, in So Many Words
Popular Artificial intelligence terms (e.g. deep learning, machine learning, neural networks, strong AI) defined. From Science / American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Artificially Intelligent: A Brief Glossary of the Ideas Behind AI
From CNET.
Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures
"This is a dictionary of algorithms, algorithmic techniques, data structures, archetypal problems, and related definitions." From NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology).
The Turing Test
Encyclopedic article on Alan Turing's proposed test concerning "thinking machines." From the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
What Is an Algorithm?
PDF document. From BBC.
What Is an Algorithm and Why Should You Care?
5 min. video from Khan Academy. This is part of their larger introductory course on computer algorithms.
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Discussions & Debates
Benefits and Risks of Artificial Intelligence
Article with infographic. From the Future of Life Institute (FLI). See also their Top Myths About Advanced AI page.
How Algorithms Shape Our World
15 min. video (a "TED talk"). "In this riveting, funny talk, Kevin Slavin shows how modern algorithms determine stock prices, espionage tactics, even the movies you watch. But, he asks: If we depend on complex algorithms to manage our daily decisions -- when do we start to lose control?"
From Opposing Viewpoints in Context (available to Thrall/RCLS patrons) - Viewpoints and Articles:
Artificial Intelligence
Drones
Robots
The Beauty and Power of Algorithms
10 min. video. "Adaptive, intelligent, and consistent, algorithms are emerging as the ultimate app for everything from matching consumers to products to assessing medical diagnoses. Vishal Sikka shares his appreciation for the algorithm, charting both its inherent beauty and its growing power."
From TED.com ("TED Talks"):
How Computers Learn to Recognize Objects Instantly
7 min. video with multilingual text transcript available. "In a remarkable live demo, Redmon shows off this important step forward for applications like self-driving cars, robotics and even cancer detection."
Machine Intelligence Makes Human Morals More Important
17 min. video with multilingual text transcript available. "Machine intelligence is here, and we're already using it to make subjective decisions. But the complex way AI grows and improves makes it hard to understand and even harder to control. In this cautionary talk, techno-sociologist Zeynep Tufekci explains how intelligent machines can fail in ways that don't fit human error patterns -- and in ways we won't expect or be prepared for."
The Rise of Human-Computer Cooperation
12 min. video with multilingual text transcript available. "Brute computing force alone can't solve the world's problems. Data mining innovator Shyam Sankar explains why solving big problems (like catching terrorists or identifying huge hidden trends) is not a question of finding the right algorithm, but rather the right symbiotic relationship between computation and human creativity."
The Wonderful and Terrifying Implications of Computers That Can Learn
19 min. video with multilingual text transcript available. "What happens when we teach a computer how to learn? Technologist Jeremy Howard shares some surprising new developments in the fast-moving field of deep learning, a technique that can give computers the ability to learn Chinese, or to recognize objects in photos, or to help think through a medical diagnosis."
See also these other TED links for more related talks/articles/transcripts:
Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning
Robots
The Simplistic Debate Over Artificial Intelligence
From Psychology Today.
Stop Killer Robots
"Formed by the following non-governmental organizations (NGOs) at a meeting in New York on 19 October 2012 and launched in London in April 2013, the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots is an international coalition working to preemptively ban fully autonomous weapons."
When Should Machines Make Decisions?
"When is it okay to let a machine make a decision instead of a person?" From the Future of Life Institute (FLI).
The White House (President Obama): The Administration's Report on the Future of Artificial Intelligence
PDF. Published October 2016. Full report available via this link.
Why Zuckerberg and Musk Are Fighting About the Robot Future
Article from The Atlantic. July 2017.
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History
In 1950, Alan Turing Created a Chess Computer Program That Prefigured A.I.
From History Channel.
A Brief History of AI
From the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI).
Falling Walls: The Past, Present and Future of Artificial Intelligence (Nov. 2, 2017)
From Scientific American.

See also: Computers - History

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News & Media Coverage
BBC News:
Moral Maze: The Morality of Artificial Intelligence [Audio] (Nov. 25, 2017)
Police Warned about Using Algorithms to Decide Who's Locked Up (Nov. 16, 2017)
Now Computers Are Writing Perfectly Acceptable Pop Songs (Nov. 10, 2017)
Artificial intelligence - Hype, Hope and Fear (Oct. 16, 2017)
Religion and Artificial Intelligence [Audio] (Aug. 27, 2017)
Killer Robots: Experts Warn of Third Revolution in Warfare" (Aug. 21, 2017)
Slaves to the Algorithm? (May 16, 2017)
Artificial Intelligence: How to Avoid Racist Algorithms (April 14, 2017)
Artificial Intelligence and Drones Future of Policing" (April 8, 2017)
Global Business: Recruiting by Algorithm [Audio] (May 1, 2016)
Stephen Hawking Warns Artificial Intelligence Could End Mankind [Video + Article] (Dec. 2014)
Forbes:
Getting Intelligent About Artificial Intelligence: 6 Ways Executives Can Start (Dec. 8, 2017)
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence In Demand Planning (Dec. 8, 2017)
The Dark Side of Artificial Intelligence (Dec. 5, 2017)
AI Is Super-Charging The Customer Service World (Nov. 26, 2017)
Algorithms and AI: A World of New Possibilities (Nov. 16, 2017)
What Is The Difference Between Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning? (Dec. 6, 2016)
Harvard Business Review: The Business of Artificial Intelligence - What It Can - and Cannot - Do for Your Organization (July 2017)
The Huffington Post:
Understanding Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and What Companies Can Do with Them (Dec. 9, 2017)
The Amazing Ways How Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning Is Used In Healthcare (Nov. 16, 2017)
KurzweilAI.net:
Elon Musk's Billion Dollar Crusade to Stop the AI Apocalypse
Ray Kurzweil interview - key excerpts with link to article.
The Future of Artificial Intelligence and Its Impact on Society
Ray Kurzweil presents a talk at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). Nov. 2017.
News and Articles
Topics include Artificial Intelligence (AI), robotics, transhumanism, and related science and technologies.
National Public Radio (NPR):
Algorithms (Articles and Reports)
Artificial Intelligence (Articles and Reports)
The New York Times:
Artificial Intelligence (Articles and Reports)
Will Robots Take Our Children's Jobs? (Dec. 11, 2017)
AI Will Transform the Economy. But How Much, and How Soon? (Nov. 30, 2017)
Can A.I. Be Taught to Explain Itself? (Nov. 21, 2017)
Building A.I. That Can Build A.I. (Nov. 11, 2017)
How AI Is Creating Building Blocks to Reshape Music and Art (Aug. 14, 2017)
How to Regulate Artificial Intelligence (Sept. 1, 2017)
The Great AI Awakening (Dec. 14, 2016)
Making Algoritms Accountable (Aug. 1, 2016)
When Algorithms Discriminate (July 10, 2015)
PBS / NOVA:
Ghosts in the Machine
Video. "AI systems don't think exactly like humans, but the algorithms can - and do - play favorites." Oct. 2017.
Can Government Keep Up with Artificial Intelligence?
Aug. 2017.
Augmenting Humanity with AI
Dec. 2016.
Computers That Learn Human Languages Also Inherit Their Implicit Biases
Aug. 2016.
Can Machines Think Like Us?
Video. "Can we make a robot that really thinks, learns, and acts like us?" Feb. 2011.
Watson on Jeopardy
"A computer taking on the best human contestants on Jeopardy!? - the prospect is perhaps even more astonishing than when IBM's Deep Blue computer challenged the world's top chess player in 1997 (and won). NOVA recently asked three experts on artificial intelligence about Watson, its capabilities, and its implications beyond the game show." Jan. 2011.
TIME:
Artificial Intelligence (Articles and Reports)
Elon Musk and Stephen Hawking Join Call for Ban on Artificially Intelligent Weapons (July 27, 2015)
Wall Street Journal:
Big Companies Give Algorithms Chance to Manage People (Dec. 11, 2017)
Meet Your New Boss: An Algorithm (Dec. 10, 2017)
Algorithms with Minds of Their Own (Nov. 12, 2017)
Washington Post:
Future Wars May Depend as Much on Algorithms as on Ammunition (Dec. 3, 2017)
Wired:
Artificial Intelligence Seeks An Ethical Conscience (Dec. 7, 2017)
Your Online Shopping Habit Is Fueling a Robotics Renaissance (Dec.6, 2017)
Welcome to the Era of the AI Coworker (Nov. 15, 2017)
Why Artificial Intelligence Is Still Waiting For Its Ethics Transplant (Nov. 1, 2017)
AI Research Is in Desperate Need of an Ethical Watchdog (Sept. 18, 2017)
Machine Learning Versus Ai: What's the Difference? (Dec. 1, 2016)
ZDNet:
AI Is More than Automation on Steroids, It Amplifies Human Innovation (Dec. 9, 2017)
AI and Jobs: Where humans are Better than Algorithms, and Vice Versa (Dec. 3, 2017)
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Robots & Robotics Technologies
How Robots Work
From How Stuff Works. See also their Robots Channel.
From PBS / NOVA:
Our Automated Future
"We're on the cusp of a new industrial revolution, one powered by intelligent algorithms and sophisticated robots. Are we ready for our automated future?" 2013-2017.
Rise of the Robots
"Machines are everywhere. They run our factory assembly lines and make our coffee. But humanoid robots - machines with human-like capabilities - have long been the stuff of science fiction. Until now. Fueled by an ambitious DARPA challenge, the race is on to design a robot that can replace humans in disaster relief situations. Follow the robots and the engineers that program them as they strive to make their way out of the lab and into the real world. But how capable are they, really? How close are we to a future where humanoid robots are part of our everyday lives? And what will the future look like with robots that can do a human's job? NOVA investigates the cutting-edge technologies that are advancing robotics - and the enormous challenges that robots still face." Dec. 2017.
What Is Robotics?
A brief introductory article from NASA. See also NASA's Robotics page.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) News: Robotics
Articles.
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Studies & Special Reports
Controlling the Unaccountable Algorithm
Audio. "Algorithms are the powerful mathematical tools which shape so much of modern life, from the news which appears in our timelines to the adverts which pop up on our computer. But with algorithms now assessing CVs for jobs, or mortgage applications, the need to understand what they do, and if necessary challenge them is greater than ever before. So how do we exert legal or democratic control over the Unaccountable Algorithm? Emily Bell investigates" From BBC Radio.
How Do Algorithms Run My Life?
From BBC.
Intelligent Machines
"Artificial intelligence and robots are transforming how we work and live." From MIT Technology Review.
Machine Bias: Investigating Algorithmic Injustice
"Investigating algorithmic injustice and the formulas that influence our lives." From ProPublica.
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For Further Exploration...
Books and Videos in the Thrall/RCLS Library System Catalog:
Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning
Robots
Websites:
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI)
"Founded in 1979, the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) (formerly the American Association for Artificial Intelligence) is a nonprofit scientific society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines. AAAI aims to promote research in, and responsible use of, artificial intelligence. AAAI also aims to increase public understanding of artificial intelligence, improve the teaching and training of AI practitioners, and provide guidance for research planners and funders concerning the importance and potential of current AI developments and future directions."
Artificial Intelligence
Multiple websites. Directory provided by Middletown Thrall Library.
Coursera.org - Free Online courses and Learning Materials
Content provided by various colleges and universities:
Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning
Robots
KurzweilAI.net
News and articles and on AI-related science and technologies.
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Special Coverage Center: Algorithms & Artificial Intelligence
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