Fact Checkers & Media Watchdogs

Investigative Journalism & Fake News Alerts

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Fact Checkers & "Fake News" Alerts
Annenberg Political Fact Check describes itself as "nonpartisan, nonprofit 'consumer advocate' for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics." It's intent is to "monitor the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases. Our goal is to apply the best practices of both journalism and scholarship, and to increase public knowledge and understanding."

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How to Spot Fake News
"Here's our advice on how to spot a fake." From FactCheck.org.
The Fact Checker
"The Washington Post's Glenn Kessler fact-checks the truth behind the political rhetoric."
"Headquartered at the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania, FlackCheck.org is the political literacy companion site to the award-winning FactCheck.org. The site provides resources designed to help viewers recognize flaws in arguments in general and political ads in particular. Video resources point out deception and incivility in political rhetoric." Subjects covered include Politics, Health, and Science. One particular noteworthy aspect of their website is their Patterns of Deception pages, which they designed "to help viewers spot and debunk slippery moves in politics." Beyond the short introductory video, they provide an expandable menu (lower left of page) covering a range of related topics and related videos.
"Hoaxy visualizes the spread of claims and related fact checking online. A claim may be a fake news article, hoax, rumor, conspiracy theory, satire, or even an accurate report. Anyone can use Hoaxy to explore how claims spread across social media. You can select any matching fact-checking articles to observe how those spread as well." From Indiana University.
How to Spot Fake Photos on the Web
Tips from Gizmodo.com.
How to Use Your Phone to Spot Fake Images...
Step by step process for evaluating if a photo is fake. From Poynter.
"PolitiFact helps policymakers and voters sort out the truth in politics. We research statements from members of Congress, the president, Cabinet secretaries and lobbyists and then rate them for accuracy. Our audience is highly educated, passionate about politics and appreciates quality." From the Poynter Institute.
Real News/Fake News: About Fake News
Finding Real News/Detecting Fake News. From UC Berkeley Library.
Various rumors, hoaxes, hot topics, and statements about various popular persons from on and beyond the Internet as well in the news are collected, arranged by topic, and rated. Also available: a glossary about myths, legends, and urban legends, and a search engine you can use to quickly locate information about a rumor you might want to check on.

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Field Guide to Fake News Sites and Hoax Purveyors
"Snopes.com's updated guide to the Internet's clickbaiting, news-faking, social media-exploiting dark side."
Urban Legends
Directory of related resources.

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Media Watchdogs & Investigative Journalists
American Journalism Review (AJR)
"American Journalism Review is a national magazine that covers all aspects of print, television, radio and online media. The magazine, which is published six times a year, examines how the media cover specific stories and broader coverage trends. AJR analyzes ethical dilemmas in the field and monitors the impact of technology on how journalism is practiced and on the final product. The magazine is published by the University of Maryland Foundation with offices in the Philip Merrill College of Journalism at the University of Maryland."
Center for Investigative Reporting (Reveal)
"Founded in 1977, the Center for Investigative Reporting is the nation's oldest nonprofit investigative news organization, producing multimedia reporting that has impact and is relevant to people's lives."
The Center for Media and Public Affairs at George Mason University
"The Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA) is a nonpartisan research and educational organization which conducts scientific studies of news and entertainment media. CMPA's goal is to provide an empirical basis for ongoing debates over media coverage and impact through well-documented, timely, and readable studies."
The Center for Public Integrity
"The Center for Public Integrity is a nonprofit organization dedicated to producing original, responsible investigative journalism on issues of public concern. The Center is non-partisan and non-advocacy. We are committed to transparent and comprehensive reporting both in the United States and around the world."
Columbia Journalism Review
"Columbia Journalism Review's mission is to encourage and stimulate excellence in journalism in the service of a free society. It is both a watchdog and a friend of the press in all its forms, from newspapers to magazines to radio, television, and the Web. Founded in 1961 under the auspices of Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism, CJR examines day-to-day press performance as well as the forces that affect that performance."
Investigative Reporters and Editors, Inc
"Investigative Reporters and Editors, Inc. is a grassroots nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the quality of investigative reporting. IRE was formed in 1975 to create a forum in which journalists throughout the world could help each other by sharing story ideas, newsgathering techniques and news sources."
"A project of the Media Research Center (MRC), America's leading media watchdog in documenting, exposing and neutralizing liberal media bias."
PBS NewsHour
Analysis of media, current issues, and news headlines.
Pew Research Center for the People and the Press
Described as "an independent, non-partisan public opinion research organization that studies attitudes toward politics, the press and public policy issues. In this role it serves as a valuable information resource for political leaders, journalists, scholars and citizens."
Project Censored
"The mission of Project Censored is to teach students and the public about the role of a free press in a free society - and to tell the News That Didn't Make the News and Why."
"ProPublica is an independent, non-profit newsroom that produces investigative journalism in the public interest."
The Programme on Democracy & Technology
"We are a team of researchers investigating the impact of automated computer scripts on public life. This work includes analysis of how tools like social media bots are used to manipulate public opinion by megaphoning or repressing political content in various forms: disinformation, hate speech, fake news, political harassment, etc. We use scholastic perspectives from organizational sociology, human computer interaction, communication, information science, and political science to interpret and analyze the evidence we are gathering. Our project is housed at the Oxford Internet Institute at the University of Oxford." Includes Case Studies on nine countries (Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Poland, Russia, Taiwan, Ukraine, and the United States).
"The Center for Media and Democracy was founded in 1993 as an independent, non-profit, non-partisan, public interest organization. CMD's mission is to promote transparency and an informed debate by exposing corporate spin and government propaganda and by engaging the public in collaborative, fair and accurate reporting."
Public Agenda
"For over 30 years, Public Agenda has been providing unbiased and unparalleled research that bridges the gap between American leaders and what the public really thinks about issues ranging from education to foreign policy to immigration to religion and civility in American life." Their mission is "to help American leaders better understand the public's point of view" and to help "citizens know more about critical policy issues so they can make thoughtful, informed decisions."
Science Media Monitor
"The Annenberg Science Media Monitor analyzes the news coverage of widely reported scientific findings in order to increase the public's understanding of the scientific process. Launched in 2018, the Science Media Monitor is a large-scale content analysis project under the auspices of the Annenberg Public Policy Center's Science of Science Communication program. It examines news coverage of science from mainstream media outlets, including The New York Times, USA Today, The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post. The Science Media Monitor's first report, in August 2018, looked at how well the news media cover the process of scientific discovery." Their initial report can be found under their "Science Media Monitor - Report 1" link. From the The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
State of the News Media
"Our goals are to take stock of the revolution occurring in how Americans get information and provide a resource for citizens, journalists and researchers to make their own assessments. To do so we gather in one place as much data as possible about all the major sectors of journalism, identify trends, mark key indicators, note areas for further inquiry." Annual reports from The PEW Project for Excellence in Journalism.
"Truthdig is a Web magazine that provides expert coverage of current affairs as well as a variety of thoughtful, provocative content assembled from a progressive point of view. The site is built around reports by authorities in their fields who conduct in-depth exploration of contemporary topics."

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