Aeronautics & Space Exploration

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Aeronautics - General Information
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration):
The Beginner's Guide to Aeronautics
Topics include Re: Living the Wright Way; Beginner's Guide to Propulsion; Aeronautics of Baseball; Aeronautics of Soccer; Beginner's Guide to Model Rockets and more. From Glenn Research Center NASA.
NASA - Leading the Future of Aeronautics
"Since the Wright Brothers' first flight in 1903, aeronautics has always been a pillar of American innovation and international competitiveness. NASA and the agency's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, have pioneered new technologies that helped aviation evolve from a niche form of transport for the wealthy into an affordable form of mass travel with unrivalled safety and efficiency. The image below highlights the extent to which NASA's scientific breakthroughs have made this evolution possible." Under the image of an airliner at their website, they also feature this external PDF document link to NASA's contributions to commercial aviation. Main website provided by Aerospace Industries Association (AIA). PDF is from

Aeronautics - Rockets / Rocketry
Dr. Robert Hutchings Goddard Digital Collection
"This collection includes over 48,000 scans of documents created by or about Dr. Robert H. Goddard, the father of modern rocketry. The writings by Dr. Goddard include the handwritten notebooks in which he documented his theories and techniques as well as his diaries, kept throughout his life. After his death Dr. Goddard's wife, Esther, made transcriptions of the notebooks and diaries which are included. Also digitized are scrapbooks of articles about Dr. Goddard; those that have copyright restrictions must be viewed at the Clark University Archives. In addition, this site has the complete three-volume set, "The Papers of Robert H. Goddard," comprising information gathered by Mrs. Goddard." From Clark University's Robert H. Goddard Library.
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration):
Rocket Index
A "list of all the topics available from the Beginner's Guide to Rockets web site." For students K-12. From National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Dr. Robert H. Goddard, American Rocketry Pioneer
Concentrates on his career and contributions to rocket propulsion. From NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
How Do Rockets Stack Up?
A Pictorial History of Rockets
Illustrated PDF document that starts in ancient times and goes up to the Dragon and Space Tourism. From the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Rockets and Launches
Historical photos of rockets and the launchers. From the NOAA Photo Library.
National Association of Rocketry
"The National Association of Rocketry (NAR) is a non-profit tax-exempt scientific organization dedicated to consumer safety, youth education, and the advancement of technology in the hobby of spacemodeling (sport rocketry) in the United States."
NOAA Photo Lab: Collections
Topics include National Weather Service; Historic Fisheries; NOAA in Space; America's Coastline; NOAA's People and much more. From the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Rockets and Launches
Historical photos of rockets and the launchers. From the NOAA Photo Library.

Commercial Aerospace Companies
Blue Origin
Manufacturer of reusable launch vehicles.
Honeywell Aerospace
"Honeywell Aerospace products and services are found on virtually every commercial, defense and space aircraft in the world."
Lockheed Martin
"Lockheed Martin builds satellites and spacecraft that do amazing things in space for government and commercial customers."
"SpaceX designs, manufactures and launches advanced rockets and spacecraft." See also NASA's SpaceX mission updates.

Space Agencies & Administrations
Canadian Space Agency
Past, current, and future space missions developed by Canada.
China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Past, current, and future space missions developed.
European Space Agency (ESA)
Past, current, and future space missions. Includes images, maps, and illustrations.
ESA Satellite Fleet Downloads
The images have different versions, such as 3D model, 3D print model and 3D paper model. Not all versions are available for evey image.
French Space Agency (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales - CNES)
France's space program. Includes news, missions, and more.
German Aerospace Center (DLR)
Germany's space program. Includes news, missions, and more.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
India's space program. Includes news, missions, and more.
Israel Space Agency
Israel's space program. Includes news, missions, and more.
Italian Space Agency (Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
Italy's space program. Includes news, missions, and more.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Past, current, and future space missions developed by Japan.
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
Past, current, and future manned and unmanned space missions.

Other NASA space exploration websites include:
Basics of Space Flight: Glossary"
Definitions of terms used in space exploration. From NASA.
NASA E-books
Topics include: Aeronautics e-books; Science e-books; e-Book Archive; ISS Researcher's Guides; and Guide to e-Book Formats.
Human Space Flight
Past, current, and future Space Shuttle and Space Station missions as reported by NASA.
International Space Station (ISS)
Past, current, and future missions and astronauts on the ISS. News, images, and other information provided by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). See also the European Space Agency (ESA) ISS web pages.
Mars Exploration Program
Past, current, and future Mars exploration missions as reported by NASA/JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory). See also NASA's Mars Rovers website
NASA History Timelines
Includes special chronologies such as defining events in NASA history, lunar exploration timeline and highlights of the first 100 U.S. human space flights. Also includes events in aviation starting in 1915. From NASA.
NASA Science: Missions
An interactive table of NASA's missions that includes launch date, phase, NASA division, and mission names. Click on Name for detailed information and sort the list be clicking on column headings. From NASA.
National Space Science Data Center
Serves as the permanent archive for NASA space science mission data.
Solar System Exploration
Includes Planets; Missions; People; History; 3D Simulator; Galleries; News; Kids; ad Education.
Space Missions Pages
News, reports and studies, and other information on past, current, and future astronomy and space exploration missions: ACE, AIM, Apollo, Aqua, Aquarius, ARCTAS, Ares, ASTRO-1, ASTRO-2, Aura, CALIPSO, Cassini, CHAMP, Chandra, CINDI, Clementine, Cloudsat, Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, Constellation Program, Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE), Dawn, Deep Impact, Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, EPOXI, Exploration Plans, Explorer, Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer, FAST, Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, Fire and Smoke, FUSE, GALEX, Galileo, Gemini, Genesis, Geotail, GLAST, Glory, GOES, GOES-O, Gravity Probe-B, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, HETE-2, Hinode (Solar-b), Hubble Space Telscope, IBEX, ICEsat, IMAGE, International Space Station (ISS), James Webb Space Telescope, Jason, Kepler, LAGEOS 1 and 2, Landsat 7, LCROSS, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), Magellan, Mars Rovers, Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Pathfinder, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), Mars Science Laboratory, Mercury, MESSENGER, Mini-RF, Moon Mineralogy Mapper, Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR), New Horizons, NMP EO-1, NOAA-N, NOAA-N Prime, NPP, Ocean Surface Topography Mission, Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Orion, Phoenix, Pioneer, POES, Polar, QuikSCAT, Ranger, RHESSI, Roentgen Satellite (ROSAT), RXTE, SDO, SERVIR, Space Shuttles, Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, Skylab, Small Satellites, SOFIA, SOHO, Solar Anomalous and Magnetospherice Particle Explorer (SAMPEX), Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment, SORCE, Space Shuttle, Spitzer, Stardust, STEREO, Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS), Surveyor, SWIFT, Terra, THEMIS, TIMED, TOMS-EP, TOPEX/Poseidon, TRACE, Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, Ulysses, Upper Atmosphere Radiation Satellite (UARS), Viking, Voyager, Wide-Field Infrared Explorer, WIND, WISE.
Space Shuttles
Space shuttle launches and missions. News, images, and other information provided by NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).
Space Technology Hall of Fame
Technologies, organizations and individuals who have transformed technology developed for space exploration into products that help improve the quality of life on Earth. From the Space Foundation and NASA.
Includes: Archives (1976 to the present); Spinoff Database that is searchable by Topic, NASA Center, Manufacturer, State, Category, and Spinoff Issue; and an Exploration and Innovation Timeline in PDF format. From the Technology Transfer Program of NASA.
Russian Space Agency
United Kingdom Space Agency
Worldwide Space Agencies
From the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs.

Astronauts & Astronautics
An Astronaut's Guide to Life in Space
YouTube videos from Canadian astronaut Chris Hadfield.
From NASA:
Alan B. Shepard, Jr.
Commemorating the 40th Anniversay of the Mercury 7.
Astronaut Biographies
Topics include Active Astronauts; Management Astronauts; Former Astronauts; and Partner Astronauts.

See also:
International Astronauts
"From international space agencies who have trained or served with NASA Astronauts." Includes Canadian, European, Japanese and Russian astronauts.
Astronautics and Aeronautics Chronologies
Timelines and historical facts.
"Learn about the astronauts and cosmonauts of the current Expedition. Read their biographies and their interviews. Also, check out the crew members from past Expeditions." Includes the Astronaut Fact book and How to Apply to Be an Astronaut.
Gagarin Research & Test Cosmonaut Training Center
"State Organization 'Gagarin Research & Test Cosmonaut Training Center' was built to support manned space programs, space exploration activities, space engineering, cosmonauts' training, as well as ensuring cosmonauts' safety in space and providing post-flight rehabilitation program for cosmonauts."

See also:
Cosmonauts and Astronauts
From the Gagarin Research and Test Cosmonaut Training Center.
International Space Station (ISS): Crews and Expeditions
Current and past astronauts and missions aboard the ISS.
July 20, 1969: One Giant Leap For Mankind
Apollo 11 mission landing video of Neil Armstrong stepping from the Lunar Module Eagle onto the Moon and making his famous proclamation, "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind."
Space Suits and Spacewalks
Includes Spacewalking Videos, an interactive Clickable Spacesuit and more.
Learn About Spacesuits
Spacesuit and Spacewalk History Image Gallery
Includes Mercury Spacesuits; Gemini Spacesuits; Apollo Spacesuits; Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Spacesuits; Skylab Spacesuits; Space Shuttle Spacesuits; and Space Station Spacesuits. From
Suit Up
Includes: Space Suit Gallery, The Next Generation of Suit Technologies, Extravehicular Activity (EVA), 50 Years of Spacewalking, and more.
Yuri Gagarin: First Man in Space
Russian cosmonaut.
Who Was Alan Shepard?
Women at NASA
"This material is being kept online for historical purposes. Though accurate at the time of publication, it is no longer being updated. The page may contain broken links or outdated information, and parts may not function in current web browsers. Visit for current information." This is an archived site of women who worked at NASA, but may not work there currently.
At the bottom of the page, you will find links to Women of 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, and 2011. From
Women in Space
Names and statistics up to 2017.
Astronauts: Human Spaceflight and Exploration
News and information from the European Space Agency (ESA).
Famous Astronauts
Biographies of astronauts including: Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, Guion S. Bluford, Eileen Collins, Michael Collins, Christopher Ferguson, Yuri Gagarin, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Chris Hadfield, Mae C. Jemison, James A. Lovell, Jr., Barbara Morgan, Carlos Noriega, Ellen Ochoa, Sally Ride, and Alan Shepard. From
How Astronauts Work
Topics include: Astronaut Recruitment, Types of Astronauts, Astronaut Training, Soyuz Flights, and Life in Space.

General Information about Space & Space Exploration
Astronomy & Cosmology
Astronomical observatories, observations, astronomers, astrophyics, related topics.
Google Sky
Pan and zoom through the visible universe through this virtual map, which consists of combined images and information from various astronomical observatories around the world as well as space telescopes such as Hubble. You can also search for planets, moons, stars, constellations, galaxies, nebulae, and switch the view to different wavelengths (visible, X-ray, infrared). Also check out Google Moon and Google Mars.
Human Computers: The Women of NASA
"Their calculations would chart the course of many ground-breaking space missions, yet their stories remain mostly unknown. Get the story behind the women mathematicians, engineers and scientists working at NASA." Includes women of all races. From
Inducted Space Technology Hall of Fame Technologies
"The Space Technology Hall of FameĀ® comprises many extraordinary innovations - all derived from or significantly improved by space research or exploration. Learn about the inducted technologies and the innovators here. You can scroll through all the years or find something specific using the handy search bar.. " From the Space Foundation. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
Space exploration missions (past and present), image galleries, news, educational resources, and much more.
NASA: 3D Resources
"Here you'll find a growing collection of 3D models, textures, and images from inside NASA. All of these resources are free to download and use. Please read the Usage Guidelines." From
Object Collections of the National Air and Space Museum
Includes Aerial Cameras, Aircraft, Awards and Insignia, Instruments and Avionics, Propulsion, Social and Cultural, Apollo 11 Artifacts, Eyewitness to Space, Fly Now!, The Birth of the Balloon, Military Personal Items, Civilian Applications Satellites, Guidance, Navigation and Control, Human Spaceflight, International Space, National Security Space, Rocketry, and Space Science. From the Smithsonian Institute.
Space Exploration
From the National Archives.
Sky and Telescope
Web edition of the magazine. Includes news, information, blogs, star maps, and other information about current and future space exploration missions.
News, information, and multimedia about space missions and studies worldwide.
Space Shuttle Videos
"Video highlights from each shuttle mission, narrated by the astronauts." Also includes mission patches and posters of the crews. From the National Space Society.
Sputnik, 1957
From the Office of the Historian of the Department of State.
U.S. Government Space Program
"These federal agencies are charged with executing the space activities of the U.S. government." Twelve agencies from NASA to Defense Space Council. From
The Women of NASA
A slide show about "[w]omen have played an essential role in the functions of NASA for almost a century." From the National Women's History Museum.

See also:

American Astronomical Society (AAS)
"The American Astronomical Society (AAS) is the major organization of professional astronomers in North America. Our mission is to enhance and share humanity's scientific understanding of the universe." Highlights include The Astronomical Journal, The Astrophysical Journal (abstracts only), Educational resources (Careers in Astronomy, information for teachers), and more.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU)
"The International Astronomical Union (IAU) was founded in 1919. Its mission is to promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects through international cooperation." Highlights include: How to Participate in Astronomy Research, Astronomy in Everyday Life, the IAU Directory for World Astronomy, and more (especially under the "IAU for the Public" menu option).
Planetary Society
"The Planetary Society, founded in 1980 by Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray, and Louis Friedman, inspires and involves the world's public in space exploration through advocacy, projects, and education. Today, The Planetary Society is the largest and most influential public space organization group on Earth." Includes news, images, and mission updates. Note: some content is available only through paid membership.
Office of Space Commerce
"The Office of Space Commerce is the principal unit for space commerce policy activities within the Department of Commerce. Its mission is to foster the conditions for the economic growth and technological advancement of the U.S. commercial space industry."
SETI Institute
"The mission of the SETI Institute is to explore, understand and explain the origin, nature and prevalence of life in the universe." SETI stands for the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. Website includes news, images, podcasts, publications, an archive of online lectures, and information about the Drake Equation and the Carl Sagan Center for the Study of Life in the Universe.

See also:

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