Middletown Thrall Library Special Coverage

Election 2020

News & Information about the U.S. Presidential Election,
Voting, Voters, and Other Related Topics

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Election 2020 Web Guide
Copyright © 2015-2020
Middletown Thrall Library

Learn about Elections

General Information
The American Past: Voting America
"Voting America examines the evolution of presidential politics in the United States across the span of history. The project offers a wide spectrum of cinematic and interactive visualizations of how Americans voted in presidential elections at the county level over the past 164 years. You can also find expert analysis and commentary videos that discuss some of the most interesting and significant trends in American political history." Created by the Digital Scholarship Lab at the University of Richmond.
Ben's Guide to U.S. Government
Offers young, possibly future voters some insight into the election process.
Elections: The American Way
This site offers a concise history of voting and voter rights in the United States and covers a number of related topics with links to even more. Learn about political parties, what it takes to become President, explore historical voting issues, and more. From the Library of Congress.
Electoral College
From the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
Electoral College Fast Facts
A brief history plus these topics: Electors, Procedure, Objections, Amending the Process, and Contingent Elections. From the U.S. House of Representatives.
Glossaries of Election Terminology
"The glossaries contain 1,843 terms and phrases used in the administration of elections in the United States." Search online or browse by downloading PDFs. Includes various language versions (e.g. Chinese, Spanish). From The U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC.gov).
Pew Research: U.S. Politics
"Selected Pew Research Center reports (since 2005) on national and state politics from Pew Research Center projects." About PRC: "The Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that provides information on the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. The center conducts public opinion polling, demographic studies, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. It does not take positions on policy issues."
2020 Election: Data Snapshots - Election News Pathways
"Key findings from an ongoing @pewresearch initiative exploring how Americans are navigating news about the 2020 presidential election."
Presidential Election Process
"Learn about the Presidential election process, including the Electoral College, caucuses and primaries, and the national conventions. " From USA.gov.
U.S. Elections
Guide to online information on election law. From the Library of Congress.
Voter's Guide to Federal Elections
"Our voter's guide is available in 11 languages. It is designed to help voters successfully navigate the federal elections process, from registering to vote to casting a ballot on Election Day. In addition to the basics of ballot-casting, it also includes information on eligibility and early voting, as well as the registration and voting process for military and civilians living abroad, and polling place services that make voting more accessible. Also see our FAQ flyer, available in seven languages on 14 common questions from citizens about voting in Federal elections." From The U.S. Election Assistance Commission.
Includes information about the Voting Rights Act and answers to frequently asked questions about voting. From the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division.
Voting and Elections
Links to government information on election and voting. From USA.gov.

Election Issues & Security - Websites
Election Security
From the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
From President Trump:
Message to the Congress Continuing the National Emergency With Respect To Foreign Interference In or Undermining Public Confidence In U.S. Elections
September 10, 2019.
Executive Order on Imposing Certain Sanctions in the Event of Foreign Interference in a United States Election
September 12, 2018.
Joint Statement from the ODNI, DOJ, FBI and DHS: Combating Foreign Influence in U.S. Elections
Published Friday, 19 October 2018 at DNI.gov.
Redistricting Information
From the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ).
Report on the Investigation into Russian Interference in the 2016 Presidential Election
Published April 18, 2019. PDF. From Attorney General William Barr, a redacted version of Special Counsel Robert Mueller's report on Russian interference during the 2016 presidential campaign to members of Congress.

Election Issues & Security - Database Articles
Members of Thrall can freely access these in-depth "pro/con" articles:

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Registering and Voting Procedures

Federal Voting Assistance Program
Voting help for Uniformed Service Members, their families, and Citizens living outside the United States.
National Voter Registration Act
Information on the "Motor Voter" Act of 1993 and new voter registration at Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) offices. From New York State Board of Elections. For background information about the Act, visit the Department of Justice's NVRA page.
National Council on Independent Living (NCIL): Voting Rights Subcommittee
"The mission of the NCIL Voting Rights Subcommittee is to increase the participation of people with disabilities in the electoral process in order to maximize our ability to affect federal, state, and local political priorities. Full political participation for Americans with disabilities is a top priority, and to effectively advocate, the NCIL Voting Rights Subcommittee works with state and national coalitions on effective, non-partisan campaigns."
New York State Board Of Elections - Register to Vote
Includes qualifications and links to downloadable forms.
Orange County Board of Elections
From the Orange County, New York website. See also their Orange County Polling Place locator.
Resources for Voters
The United States Election Assistance Commission serves as "the central resource for information about elections." Includes the National Mail Voter Registration Form.
Voting Machines
"Here you will find the information you need about the election process and the voting machines available in your specific polling place, as well as information on how your voting system will be used in an election.". From New York State Board of Elections.

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Making an Informed Decision

Ballotpedia: Presidential Candidates, 2020
"Ballotpedia is the digital encyclopedia of American politics and elections. Our goal is to inform people about politics by providing accurate and objective information about politics at all levels of government. We are firmly committed to neutrality in our content. To learn more about a candidate's views on running, key states visited, fundraisers attended and campaign issues, click on the person's name."
C-SPAN: Campaign 2020
Has video clips of the candidates, their ads as well as links to their official websites.
CNN: 2020 Presidential Election
Election Year Survival Guide
A critical thinking guide for voters. From Middletown Thrall Library. Adobe PDF format.
"We are a nonpartisan, nonprofit, 'consumer advocate' for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in U.S. politics. We monitor the factual accuracy of what is said by major U.S. political players in the form of TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews, and news releases. Our goal is to apply the best practices of both journalism and scholarship, and to increase public knowledge and understanding."
New York Times: Election 2020
NPR: Election 2020
PBS NewsHour: 2020 Presidential Election
"PolitiFact helps policymakers and voters sort out the truth in politics. We research statements from members of Congress, the president, Cabinet secretaries and lobbyists and then rate them for accuracy. Our audience is highly educated, passionate about politics and appreciates quality." From the Poynter Institute.
Project Vote Smart
"Vote Smart's mission is to provide free, factual, unbiased information on candidates and elected officials to ALL Americans."
Fact-checking social media, news, and other websites/sources on Election 2020 topics including these U.S. Presidential Candidates for 2020:
Election Information from the League of Women Voters.

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Campaign Financing
& Campaign Finance Reform

Campaign Finance Data
"See how candidates and committees raise and spend money in federal elections. This financial data helps voters make informed decisions." Includes browsing and searching of candidates, committees and donors. From the Federal Election Commission (FEC).
See also these FEC.gov pages:
"This page provides access to federal campaign finance legislation, including Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) amendments and legislative recommendations to Congress."
Presidential Campaign Finance
Campaign Finance Institute
"Founded in 1999, CFI has successfully established its reputation as the nation's pre-eminent think tank for campaign finance policy. Written to meet peer-reviewed standards, CFI's original work is published in academic journals as well as in forms regularly used by the media and policy makers. CFI's tools are made available freely to stimulate new research by others, while its bibliographies bring the results of recent scholarship to the attention of the policy community."
A Glossary of Campaign Finance in the U.S.
"To help you (and us) keep track of all these terms, loopholes, organizations, court cases, IRS designations and so on (and on and on), we created this handy campaign finance 101 glossary - written in a way that hopefully everyone can understand. We'll be updating it with new terms and as new developments in campaign finance occur, so check back often." From the Sunlight Foundation.
The New York Times: Campaign Finance & Super PACs
News and articles.
"OpenSecrets.org is the nation's premier website tracking the influence of money on U.S. politics, and how that money affects policy and citizens' lives." Open Data is a "vast archive of money-in-politics data, downloadable for non-commercial use. Map it, mash it up and otherwise make use of this unparalleled online resource." See also their special topic pages:
Who Can't Contribute
Concerning "foreign nationals" and other forbidden contributors to U.S. elections. From the U.S. Federal Election Commission (FEC).

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Political Parties

Constitution Party
Democratic Party
Green Party
Libertarian Party
Republican Party
Political Parties
From Vote-Smart, this is a listing of political parties including links to their websites, addresses, email addresses, and telephone numbers. Use the state drop down menu to find state political parties

See also:
Tea Party Movement

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Polls, Results, and Statistics

Election Results
National Public Radio (NPR): Presidential Results
The New York Times: Presidential Election Results
Politico: Presidential Election Results 2020

FiveThirtyEight: The 2020 Democratic Presidential Primary
Gallup Polls: Politics
RealClearPolitics: Election 2020 Presidential Polls
From RealClearPolitics.

Other Resources
The American Presidency Project: Presidential Elections Data
"Click on election year for detail." Each year (back to 1789) graphically illustrates the electoral map breakdown and how people voted (Democratic, Republican, etc.). Additional details, such as a list of candidates and vote totals per state, are included.
Election Statistics
"Since 1920, the Clerk of the House has collected and published the official vote counts for federal elections from the official sources among the various states and territories. Statistics from recent elections are available in scanned image (Adobe Acrobat .PDF) format." From the U.S. House of Representatives.
50 Years of Electoral College Maps: How the U.S. Turned Red and Blue
An animated map of changes plus static maps of Electoral College results for U.S. Presidential Elections since 1964. From The New York Times.
United States Election Projects
From George Mason University. "The United States Elections Project is an information source for the United States electoral system. The mission of the project is to provide timely and accurate election statistics, electoral laws, research reports, and other useful information regarding the United States electoral system."
See also:
Public Opinions and Polls in our Ready Reference Guide

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Presidential Candidates

Democratic Party Nominee:
Joe Biden

Announced for Democratic Party (No Longer Running):
Michael Bennet
Bill de Blasio Jr.
Mike Bloomberg
Cory Booker
Pete Buttigieg
Steve Bullock
Julian Castro
John K. Delaney
Tulsi Gabbard
Kirsten E. Gillibrand
Mike Gravel
Kamala D. Harris
John W. Hickenlooper
Jay Inslee
Amy Klobuchar
Wayne Messam
Seth W. Moulton
Beto O'Rourke
Richard Ojeda
Deval Patrick
Tim Ryan
Bernie Sanders
Tom Steyer
Eric Swalwell
Elizabeth Warren
Marianne Williamson
Andrew Yang

Republican Party Nominee:
Donald J. Trump

Announced for Republican Party (No Longer Running):
Mark Sanford
Joe Walsh
William "Bill" F. Weld

See also:

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Conventions of the Major Parties

2020 DNC - Democratic National Convention
The convention is scheduled to be held from July 13-16, 2020, at the Fiserv Forum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
2020 RNC - Republican National Convention

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General Information
Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD)
"The Commission on Presidential Debates (CPD) was established in 1987 to ensure that debates, as a permanent part of every general election, provide the best possible information to viewers and listeners. Its primary purpose is to sponsor and produce debates for the United States presidential and vice presidential candidates and to undertake research and educational activities relating to the debates." Includes information on the Presidential Debate Transcripts (back to 1960).
How Presidential Debates Work
From How Stuff Works.
Presidential Debates - News
Updates, articles, and commentary from The New York Times.
Presidential Debates (1960 - )
Complete transcripts of debates arranged by time and place. Each transcript includes a list of participants. Sections include: Primary Election, General Election, Democratic Party, Republican Party. From The American Presidency Project.

Transcripts of the 2020 Presidential & Vice-Presidential Debates
Presidential Debates
Full Transcript from the First Presidential Debate Between Joe Biden and Donald Trump (Sept. 29, 2020)
Provided by USA Today.
Vice-Presidential Debates
From NBC:
July 30, 2019 and July 31, 2019 Debates:
Democratic Presidential Debates - (Part 1 of 2)
July 30, 2019.
Democratic Presidential Debates - (Part 2 of 2)
July 31, 2019.
From The New York Times:
June 26, 2019 & June 27, 2019 Debates:
Democratic Presidential Debates - (Part 1 of 2)
June 26, 2019.
Democratic Presidential Debates - (Part 2 of 2)
June 27, 2019.

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Library System Resources

Follow any of the links below to search our local library system catalog for books, videos, and more.

Candidates for President

Political Parties
Democratic Party
Green Party
Libertarian Party
Republican Party

General Information - Campaigns,
Elections, History, & More
Campaign Funds
Contested Elections
Election Districts
Election Law
Election Monitoring
Election Workers
Elections - Corrupt Practices
Elections - Corrupt Practices
Elections - Fiction
Elections - History
Elections - United States
Electoral College
Gerrymandering (Redistricting)
Political Campaigns
Presidents - Election
Tea Party Movement
Voter Registration
Voter Suppression
Voting Machines
Voting - Security Measures
Voting - United States

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