Computers

& Computer Science

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Universal Class
Available to members of Thrall. Attend free classes online at your own pace. Interact with real instructors! Courses include: Business Applications, Computer Basics, Computer Programming, Image Editing, Microsoft Applications, Photography, Software Programs, Technology Skills, and Web Development.


General Information about Computers
Apps
Computer software (applications, programs), downloads, plugins, viewers, freeware.
Computers and Software
Topics include: PCs and Laptops, Home Networking, Operating Systems, Macs and OS X, Microsoft Office, Software, Certification, Databases, Big Data, Programming, AutoCAD, Google SketchUp, Administration and Professional Networking, Graphics and Animation, Computers for Seniors, Software for Seniors. For computer-specific help, try their Operating Systems section, which covers Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows ME, Windows 98, Windows 95, Linux / Ubuntu, UNIX, DOS, and other OS software. From Dummies.com (the "Computers for Dummies" series).
Computer Shopper: How-to Guides
Guides on building, repairing, upgrading, and servicing personal computers (PCs) and laptops as well as related parts and peripherals, including monitors, printers, digital cameras, and more.
Computers
Articles and videos about personal computers, tablets, devices, and related technologies. From How Stuff Works.
Computers
Discusses the ergonomics of working at a computer. Topics include Monitor Placement; Adjusting Your Chair; Desktop Placement; Keyboard and Mouse Placement; Lighting; Eye Exercises; Musculoskeletal Exercises. From the National Institute of Health.
Computers and Technology
Sections include: The Dawn of an Electronic Era, How Do Computers Work?, Computer Glossary, Internet Timeline, and more. From Factmonster.com.
Computers for Consumers
Discusses the energy costs related to using computers and what to look for when purchasing a new computer. Topics include an Overview, Specifications, Buying Guidance and FAQs. From the US Environmental Protection Agency.
From How Stuff Works
How Computer Hardware Works
CPUs, memory (RAM), hard drives, network cards, power supplies.
How Computer Sofware Works
Operating systems, computer programming languages, more.
How Computer Peripherals Work
CD drives, DVD drives, monitors, mice, graphics cards, printers, scanners.
How Computer Security Works
Computers and Internet security, antivirus, malware, encryption, more.


History of Computers
The Babbage Engine
Charles Babbage (1791-1871) invented computers and designed them, but he never built them. This site includes a video of a working Babbage computer that was built in 2002. Also includes the history and people involved. From the Computer History Museum.
Brief History of the Internet
From The Internet Society.
From the Computer History Museum:
Internet History, ARPA, ARPANET
Microprocessors (CPUs): The First 25 Years of the Microprocessor 1971 - 1996
Revolution: The First 2,000 Years of Computing - The Story of How Computers Came to Be
The Silicon Engine: A Timeline of Semiconductors in Computers
This Day in Computing History
Timeline of Computer History
The History of Programming Languages - A Timeline
This PDF poster "plots over 50 programming languages on a multi-layered, color-coded timeline." From O'Reilly.
The Internet Archive Software Collection:
"The Internet Archive Software Collection is the largest vintage and historical software library in the world, providing instant access to millions of programs, CD-ROM images, documentation and multimedia. The collection includes a broad range of software related materials including shareware, freeware, video news releases about software titles, speed runs of actual software game play, previews and promos for software games, high-score and skill replays of various game genres, and the art of filmmaking with real-time computer game engines."
The Modern History of Computing
An encyclopedic article from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
World Wide Web Timeline
From Pew Research Internet Project.


News
Computers and Technology News
New developments, products, operating systems, software, and more.


Networks, Networking, & Network Administration
Apple Networking
Installing, configuring, and troubleshooting Apple / Mac computer networks. From Apple.com.
Home Networking
Topics include: Installation, Using a Network, Types of Networks, Network Security, and more. See also their Network Administration page. From Dummies.com.
From How Stuff Works:
Bluetooth
Cloud Computing
Computer Networking
Ethernet
Firewalls
Home Networks
Internet Technology
Virtual Private Networks
WI-FI and Mobile Devices
Wireless Networks
Glossary of WI-FI Terms
From the WI-FI Alliance.
Internetworking Technology Handbook
Topics include: Internetworking Basics, LAN Technologies, WAN Technologies, Internet Protocols, Bridging and Switching, Routing, Network Management, Voice/Data Integration Technologies, Wireless Technologies, Cable Access Technologies, Dial-up Technology, Security Technologies, and more. From Cisco.com.
Microsoft Windows Networking
Installing, configuring, and troubleshooting Windows networks. From Microsoft.com.
Network Administrators
An overview of what Network Admins do. From th U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Networking and WI-FI Product Reviews
Overviews, reviews, and buying guides for network routers, WI-FI, and related technologies. From CNET.


Online Courses
Microsoft Virtual Academy
"Free Microsoft Training Delivered by Experts." Topics include: Application Development, C# (C Sharp), Cloud, Computer Programming, CSS3, Devices, Game Development, HTML5, Licensing, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, Security, Servers, SharePoint, SQL, System Center, Virtualization, Visual Studio, Windows Desktop, Windows Server, XAML, and more.


Owner's Manuals, Computer Manufacturer Technical Support,
Troubleshooting, Updates, & Upgrades


See also:


Periodicals, Magazines
Computer Shopper
Includes "labs-based reviews of laptop computers, desktop computers, and related computer products."
Linux Journal
Mac World
Apple / Macintosh computers, laptops, desktops, and related news, reviews, articles.
PC Magazine
Computers, laptops, desktop PCs, consumer electronics, news, reviews, articles, and more.
PC World
Computers, laptops, desktop PCs, consumer electronics, news, reviews, articles, and more.


Computer Programming - Programming Languages,
Software Development, Software Engineering


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General Information & Introductions
Computer Programmers
"What Computer Programmers Do" and other facts about programmers from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. See also their entries for Software Developers and Web Developers.
How Stuff Works: Computer Programming
Open Directory Project: Computer Programming
Directory of topics and resources for programmers.
Programming
A blog featuring articles about a variety of computer programming topics. From O'Reilly Media.

Learning Computer Programming - Tips & Tutorials
Code Avengers
"Learn how to program games, apps and websites. Our HTML, CSS and JavaScript courses include code challenges and games that make learning fun and effective for all ages."
Code School
"Code School teaches Web technologies in the comfort of your browser with video lessons, coding challenges, and screencasts."
CodingUnit
Programming language tips and tutorials for C, C++ , and PHP.
Computer Programming for Dummies
Game Programming
Articles and tutorials from GameDev.net.
How to Think Like a Computer Scientist
Free book by Allen B. Downey. Uses C++ as examples. Other editions using other computer languages are available: Java, OCaml, and Python.
Introduction to Computer Science and Programming
Free online non-accredited course (video lectures) from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). OpenCourseWare (OCW).
Learn Code the Hard Way
Learn C, Python, Regex, Ruby, and SQL throught
SourceForge.net: Open Source Development Resources
Includes compilers, interpreters, assemblers, editors, debuggers, source code, and more.
From Virginia Tech:
Algorithms
Artificial Intelligence
Programming Languages
Software Engineering

Platforms
Android
Apple (iOS, OS/X)
Google Chrome
Linux
Microsoft

Programming Languages - Command References & APIs,
    + Markup Languages, Style, & Scripting Languages

Web Development - Designing & Maintaining Websites & Online Services
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Tutorials from W3Schools.
Codecademy
"Learn to code interactively, for free." Covers HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, Python, and Ruby. Free registration is required for parts of this website.
How Cloud Computing Works
Markup Validation Service
"This validator checks the markup validity of Web documents in HTML, XHTML, SMIL, MathML, etc." From the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). See also their CSS validation service.
W3Schools
Web development markup and scripting languages. HTML, HTML5, CSS, CSS3, XHTML, JavaScript, jQuery, ADO, ASP, PHP, and more.
Web Monkey
"Webmonkey is an online resource for web developers. You'll find tutorials, tips and advice for designing and building websites and programming web applications. It has articles for beginners, professionals, students, grandparents, bloggers and programmers of all skill levels."
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
"An international community where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop Web standards." See also these W3C pages: All Standards and Drafts, JavaScript Web APIs, Mobile Web, Semantic Web.


Quantum Computers & Quantum Computing
Basic Concepts in Quantum Computation
Topics include: Qubits, Quantum Arithmetic, Quantum Algorithms, Cryptography, Conditional Quantum Dynamics, Decoherence, and more. From Quantiki (http://www.quantiki.org/wiki/Main_Page), the Encyclopedia of Quantum Information. See also their Introductory Tutorials and Handbook of Quantum Information.
How Quantum Computers Work
From How Stuff Works.
Quantum Computer News
From ScienceDaily.com.
Quantum Computing
In-depth article from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Includes an overview of quantum algorithms, their philosophical implications, and a brief history of quantum computers.
Quantum Computing Primer
"A document containing background information for those interested in programming and understanding quantum computers." From D-Wave Systems Inc.


See also:


Security & Privacy
Apple Product Security
For Apple / Mac / OS X / iOs / iPad / iPod / iPhone users. From Apple, Inc.
Computer Security
Articles from How Stuff Works. Topics include authentication, biometric security, CAPTCHA, cookies, digital signatures, encryption keys / encrypting data, fingerprint scanners, firewalls, passcards smart cards, surveillance, and viruses.
Computer Security (Cybersecurity)
Articles and news. From The New York Times.
Cyberbullying & Internet Safety Resources
Multiple resources.
How to Keep Your Personal Information Secure
From the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
Linux Journal: Security
For Ubuntu, Red Hat, and other Linux distribution users.
Microsoft Safety and Security Center
Topics include securing the Microsoft Windows operating system, Microsoft Security Essentials, Windows Defender, privacy, software updates, family safety, and more. From Microsoft.
National Cyber Awareness System: Alerts and Tips
Advisories and advice concerning computer software, operating systems, and online services known to have security issues and/or updates available. "Four products in the National Cyber Awareness System offer a variety of information for users with varied technical expertise. Those with more technical interest can read the Alerts, Current Activity, or Bulletins. Users looking for more general-interest pieces can read the Tips." From US-CERT.gov.

See also their Home and Business section for more basic information about viruses and personal computer / home network security.
Secure Your Computer
"Learn experts' top tips for how to protect your information and your computer while online." From OnGuardOnline.gov.
Security and Privacy News
Articles of interest to users of computers, online services, and/or mobile technologies. From CNET.

See also their "How To" page on Security.
Security Resources
You can browse this extensive directory. Topics include Advisories and Patches, Authentication, Biometrics, Cryptography, Firewalls, Hackers / Hacking, Honeypots and Honeynets, Internet security, Intrusion Detection Systems, Malicious Software, Security Policies, Public Key Infrastructure, Secure Programming, Virtual Private Networks, and Wireless Networks. From the Open Directory Project.
Security Software Reviews
For Apple / OS X / iOs products. From Macworld.
Security Software Reviews and Price Comparisons
From PC Magazine.



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